in: Oxford scholarship online
Historic Myanmar elections in November 2015 paved the way for an NLD government to take office in March 2016, and saw the country deepen its graduated transition away from authoritarian rule. Nevertheless, military forces remain privileged in a constitutional framework designed to deliver 'discipline-flourishing democracy'. In August 2017, the military intensified its campaign of ethnic cleansing of Myanmar's Rohingya Muslim minority, and more than 750,000 refugees fled to neighbouring Bangladesh. One critical question is whether their push for greater democracy is strong enough to prevail over the resistance of a powerful military machine and swelling undercurrents of intolerance. This book examines historical conditions, constitutionalism, popular support for democracy, major political actors, group relations and tolerance, and transitional justice.