Break all the borders (2019)
separatism and the reshaping of the Middle East
in: Oxford scholarship online
Since 2011, civil wars and state failure have beset the Arab world, underlying the perceived misalignment between national borders and identity in the region. This text is about the separatist movements that aim to remake those borders-the Southern Movement in Yemen, the federalists in eastern Libya, Kurdish nationalists in Syria and Iraq, and the Islamic State (IS).