in: The annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Volume 412, p. 21-33
ISSN: 0002-7162 (print), 1552-3349 (electronic)
The belief in the possibility of artificial intelligence (AI), given present computers, is the belief that all that is essential to human intelligence can be formalized. AI has not fulfilled early expectations in pattern recognition & problem solving. These tasks cannot be formalized. They necessarily involve a nonformal form of information processing which is possible only for embodied beings--where being embodied does not merely mean being able to move & to operate manipulators. The human world, with its recognizable objects, is organized by human beings using their embodied capacities to satisfy their embodied needs. There is no reason to suppose that a world organized in terms of the body should be accessible by other means. HA.