This paper explores the main tasks of critical research, which according to a negative dialectial reading of Rancière/Foucault link, targets the actuality of Kant’s question and the question of philosophy. What is Critique? Why Philosophy? What is Thinking today? This in order to deploy the central conflicts and affinities between the two philosophers, articulated within this rigorous and unruly reflective experience that we call philosophy and it s privileged field in the case of both theoretical and conceptual universes, namely: the object of politics. ; El presente trabajo explora las tareas de la investigación crítica, que de acuerdo con una lectura dialéctica negativa de la relación Rancière/Foucault, expresa la actualidad de la pregunta kantiana y la cuestión de la filosofía. ¿Qué es la crítica? ¿Para qué la filosofía? ¿Qué es pensar hoy? Ambas cuestiones sirven para desplegar lo núcleos tensores y afinidades que ambos filósofos articulan en torno a esa rigurosa e indócil experiencia reflexiva que denominamos filosofía y su campo privilegiado en el caso de los aparatos teórico-conceptuales de ambos, a saber: el objeto de lo político.
From the 60's, Spanish society underwent qualitative changes in its socioeconomic structure, albeit still affected by the religious & cultural repercussions of the Civil War. This helped to discredit the doctrinal foundations of the regime that had prevailed since the Civil War. The work of Fernandez de la Mora was an attempt to draw up a new set of doctrines for the Spanish right. Their historical importance, in our opinion, is rooted in their ability to apply a new kind of conservatism based on verificable criteria of empirical character & on aims of economic development in order to have an intellectual base from which to make the necessary shift away from a discredited counter-revolutionary traditional perspective. This led to a project of conservative modernization or Aufklarung. His work as a critic of the Spanish contemporary thought thus forms an essential part of that project, since it provided an attempt at intellectual reform to accompany the mainly economic modernization of the time. References. Adapted from the source document.