A huddle of central bankers -- The widening domain -- How it all began -- Making a name for themselves -- Reign of the rulebook -- Currency boards and their legacy -- Changing fortunes in the 1980s -- The business of central banking -- Monetary policy in practice -- The nightmare of supervision -- How central banks manage reserves -- The safety net -- The dilemma of exchange rates -- The muscle of the federal reserve -- Europe's foursome -- The bank of Japan--a rising star -- Anchors for smaller countries -- Their very own BIS -- The new central banks of the former Soviet Union -- Of markets and men -- Survival of the fittest -- Europe points the way -- A new mandate
The book analyses the establishment of De Nederlandsche Bank and its early development as a case study to test competing theories on the historical development of central banking. It is shown that the establishment of DNB can be explained by both the fiscal theory and the financial stability theory. Later development makes clear that the financial stability role of DNB prevailed. DNBþs bank notes were not forced onto the public and competition was fierce. A prudent and independent stance was necessary to be able to play its intended role. This meant that DNB played a modest role in the Amsterdam money market until 1852. By 1852 it had established itself to become the central bank. By then its bank notes had become generally accepted and it could start to operate as a reserve bank. Also the market context had changed dramatically, its competitors had been driven out of the market and several credit institutions had become customers of DNB. "On the occasion of the Nederlandsche Bank's 200th Anniversary, it is good to have a new, and an extremely good, history of its founding and first fifty years of operation. The only previous account of this period of the DNB's history was legalistic and did not sufficiently place the Bankþs development in its wider context. Uittenbogaard's book provides a much broader, and better, story of the personnel, economics, and finance of the DNB at this juncture."--Charles Goodhart, LSE.
"This book offers a comprehensive analysis of central banks, and aims todemystify them forthe general public, which is the only way to have a rational debate about them and ultimately to make them truly accountable. The book originates from the authors graduate lectures on Central Banking at the University of Frankfurt J.W. Goethe. It contains an overview of all the key questions surrounding central banks and their role in the economy. It leads the reader from the more established concepts (including monetary theory and historical experience), necessary to have a good grasp of modern central banking, to the more open and problematic questions, which are being debated within academic and financial market circles. This structure enables readers without specific knowledge of central banks or monetary economics to understand the current challenges. The bookhas three defining characteristics, which set it apart from competing titles: first, it is pitched at the general public and uses simple and entertaining language. Second, it is rooted in, and makes frequent reference to, recent academic research, based on content for a graduate level course. Third, the author thinks 'out of the box' in order to describe the possible evolution of central banks (including the prospect of their disappearance), and not only the status quo.?"--Provided by publisher.
Money and central banks -- How monetary policy works : the mainstream model -- Three questions on the mainstream model -- The zero lower bound problem -- Financial stability and the lender of last resort function of central banks -- Will paper currency disappear and will this be a problem? -- Will we ever have a global central bank? -- Will central banks disappear?
Curzio Giannini's history of the evolution of central banks illustrates how the most relevant institutional developments have taken place at times of widespread confidence crises and in response to deflationary pressures