If we analyse the history of the community development from the point of view of the paradigms that have enlightened it in every historical moment we can work on the hypothesis that the animation has been evolving from the following paradigms: a. The paradigm of the collective identity b. The paradigm of the local and national identities c. The paradigm of the identities in the cyberspace and the no-places. These paradigms we can classify them in: • Old paradigms: Those paradigms that are developed from analogical contexts and that arrive until the end of eighties in the 20th • New paradigms: Those that are located in the context of the development of the Society of the Information, the means convergence and the development of the telephony.
Two Community Development Corporations (CDCs) in Oakland, California, anchor the following analysis. These legally homogenous organizations have implemented similar "low-income" redevelopment projects widely hailed as representing a single successful blueprint for urban revitalization. Despite their similarities, however, these entities have produced starkly different socio-economic outcomes—a phenomenon traced to the CDCs' divergent internal structures and the contrasting external contexts of their development activities. These variations generated competing "logics" of redevelopment. On one hand, we find a CDC dominated by market-oriented interests and the economic logic of exchange-values, while on the other, we find a CDC dominated by community-oriented interests and the social logic of neighborhood use-values.
Schilderung der Bemühungen der rhodesischen Regierung, die Extraktion aus den afrikanischen Reservatsgebieten ('Tribal Trust Lands') effektiver zu gestalten und dabei die afrikanische Bevölkerung einzubeziehen