In metaethics, there is a divide between those who believe that there exist moral facts independently of human interests and attitudes (i.e., moral realists) and those who don't (i.e., antirealists). In the last half century, the field of religious ethics has been inundated with various antirealist schools of moral thought. Though there is a wide spectrum of different positons within antirealism, a majority of antirealist religious ethicists tend to see moral belief as an historically dependent social construction. This has created an environment where doing religious ethics in any metaphysically substantial sense is often seen not only as out of fashion but also as philosophically implausible. However, there is a lack of clarity as to what antirealists exactly mean by "construction" and what arguments they would use to support their views. Religious Ethics and Constructivismbrings together a diverse group of scholars who represent different philosophical and theological outlooks to discuss the merits of constructivism vis-à-vis religious ethics. The essays explore four different kinds of constructivism in metaethics: social (or Hegelian) constructivism, Kantian constructivism, Humean constructivism, and theological constructivism. The overall aim of these essays is to foster dialogue between religious ethicists and moral philosophers, and to open the field religious ethics to the insights that can be provided by contemporary metaethics.
Introduction / James Lenman and Yonatan Shemmer -- Constructivism about normativity : some pitfalls / R. Jay Wallace -- Coming to terms with contingency : Humean constructivism about practical reason / Sharon Street -- Constructing Protagorean objectivity / Aaron James -- Constructivism, agency, and the problem of alignment / Michael E. Bratman -- A puzzle for constructivism and how to solve it / Dale Dorsey -- Constructivism and the argument from autonomy / Robert Stern -- Kantian constructivism : something old, something new / Michael Ridge -- Constructing coherence / Yonatan Shemmer -- A problem for ambitious metanormative constructivism / Nadeem J.Z. Hussain -- Constructivism and wise judgment / Valerie Tiberius -- Expressivism and constructivism / James Lenman -- The appeal and limits of constructivism / T.M. Scanlon
Framed by a new and substantial introductory chapter, this book collects Stefano Guzzini's reference articles and some less well-known publications on power, realism and constructivism. By analysing theories and their assumptions, but also theorists following their intellectual paths, his analysis explores the diversity of different schools, and moves beyond simple definitions to explore their intrinsic tensions and fallacies. Guzzini's approach to the analysis of power - within and outside International Relations - provides the common theme of the book through which the theoretical.
A new look at constructivism / Mariano E. Bertucci, Jarrod Hayes, and Patrick James -- Constructivism in international relations : the story so far / Mariano E. Bertucci, Jarrod Hayes, and Patrick James -- The future of constructivism : a constructivist assessment / David M. McCourt -- On constructivism, realism, and contingency / Oliver Kessler and Brent Steele -- Constructivism and the logic of legitimation / Stacie E. Goddard and Ronald R. Krebs -- The power of prejudice : the race gap in constructivist international relations scholarship / Audie Klotz -- Technology and constructivism : interrogating the material-ideational divide / Jordan Branch -- Integrating social psychological insights into constructivist research / Jennifer M. Ramos -- New wine into a (not so) old bottle? : constructivism and the practice turn / Jérémie Cornut -- Securitization theory : toward a replicable framework for analysis / Thomas Jamieson -- A realist perspective on the constructivist project / Charles Glaser -- Realism, uncertainty, and the security dilemma : identity and the tantalizing promise of transformed international relations / David Blagden -- If it is everything, it is nothing : an argument for specificity in constructivisms / Laura Sjoberg and J. Samuel Barkin -- Moving forward / Mariano E. Bertucci, Jarrod Hayes, and Patrick James -- Epilogue : constructivism and global international relations : false promise to vanguard / Amitav Acharya
This book proposes a new institutional constructivist model, for social scientific and legal enquiries, based on the interrelations within the social and political world and the application of change in EU laws and politics. Much of the research conducted in social sciences and law examines the diverse activities of individuals and collectivities and the role of institutions in the social and political world. Although there exist many vantage points from which one can gain entry into understanding how agents in the world act, interact, shape and bear the world, socio-legal scientific epistemology has found monism and dualism to be convincing models. This book argues that current models do not capture the complexity of our micro-worlds, macro-worlds and meso-worlds. Nor can they account for the forms and patterns of socio-legal change. Mind, time and change are brought together in an attempt to contribute to socio-legal epistemology and to enhance its toolkit.