Kriminālsodu politikā veiktas būtiskas izmaiņas, kas ietekmē visu kriminālsodu sistēmu. Kriminālsodu sankcijas būtiski ietekmē apsūdzētos. Veikto pārmaiņu viens no būtiskākajiem aspektiem ir ieslodzīto skaita samazināšanās. Latvijas kriminālsodu sistēma tiek tuvināta Eiropas Savienības sodu sistēmai, līdz ar to attālinās no Padomju laiku ietekmes. Bakalaura darba mērķis ir izpētīt kriminālsodu vēsturisko attīstību, 20013.gada 1.aprīlī stājušos grozījumus Krimināllikumā. Kā arī aplūkot problēmjautājumus, kas saistīti ar kriminālsodu politiku. Darbs sastāv no trīs daļām, kurās izpētīta kriminālsodu politikas jēdziens, reformas, realizācija mūsdienās, kriminālsodi attiecībā uz noziedzīgu nodarījumu klasifikāciju un tā veidi, kā arī Krimināllikuma Sevišķās daļas sankciju tendences, izklāsts un to ietekme uz apsūdzētajām personām. Atslēgas vārdi: Kriminālsodu politika, kriminālsodu politikas koncepcija, krimināllikums, sankcijas, kriminālsodi, reformas, ietekme, sekas. ; Criminal Penalty Policy has experienced substantial changes affecting the entire penal system. Criminal penalties have a significant impact on the accused. One of the most important aspects of the changes is a reduction of the amount of imprisoned persons. Penal system in Latvia is being equalized with the European Union's system of penalties thus moving away from the influence of the Soviet period. Bachelor thesis aims to explore the historical development of criminal penalties and the recent changes that have been made in the Criminal Law. The work also discusses problems regarding Criminal Penalty Policy in general. The work consists of three parts which explore the concept of criminal policy, reforms and implementation in modern times, criminal offense classification and types, as well as the trends in Special Part of the Criminal Law sanctions and their impact on the accused persons. Keywords: Criminal Policy, the concept of criminal policy, criminal law, penalties, criminal pena
It is concluded that corruption is part of every society, whether it is developed or undeveloped, the question that arises is, what is the difference in these societies regarding level, while the fact of the existence of corruption as a phenomenon does not arise as a question at all. When we have this in mind, it is observed that the fight against this phenomenon must be permanent and without any compromise. Certainly, developed countries have better possibilities in fighting corruption in the sense of experience, methods and technologies that they possess, while developing and undeveloped countries remain to follow the best practices of these countries and greater political will of citizen to fight this phenomenon. It becomes even more complex when we consider that corruption as a phenomenon is very well connected with other crimes and especially it is not viewed separately from organized crime or money laundering, financial crimes or various forms of serious crime. Even more disturbing is the fact that corruption includes almost all spheres of society, including the private and public sectors, civil society. This creates bad opinion that somehow the whole society is corrupt. Forms used to express the corruption, are summarized as follows: provision, promise or giving of bribes to public officials; bribery of foreign officials; demand, accepting or receiving bribe by public officials; influence at work; aim to influence; Abuse of public property; misuse of office / position; bribery in the private sector; obstruction of justice. But this is not limited by all this, since the possibility remains to constantly "modernize" the forms of corruption. Efforts to define corruption as a phenomenon have been, and remain numerous, but we still do not have a single and accepted definition except the efforts to include as many more elements and forms of expression of this phenomenon. Thus, a comprehensive definition is given by the Civil Convention on Corruption, drafted by the Council of Europe. Under this Convention, "corruption" means requesting, offering, giving, receiving, directly or indirectly any bribe or other benefit, which will affect the proper conduct or behavior or the request towards certain behavior of the one who receives bribe, or whoever else benefits from it '. DOI: 10.5901/ajis.2014.v3n3p252
Mexican Criminal Policy is distinguished by its historical repression, the strategies implemented by the current government affected directly the violence and crime index. These facts beat and modified the conformation of the public space. Recreational places, parks, streets, squares, etc., stopped having the dynamism that used to have. On the other hand, the global postmodern speech changes the conception of the city, nowadays is privileged the consumption, so the city has transform in order to achieve the goals of the capitalism, with resulting of disjointed public spaces, hindering social relations. Therefore, it is proposed to promote a Criminal Policy with an integral and social well-being approach, these will have an impact on the conformations of public space in the city and also will be understood as policies of development and urban design.