The forces determining the share of nat'l income available to the aged, & the way in which that share is distributed among diff groups within the aged, are examined. Most of the evidence relates to GB & the US. It is argued that the inability to work, which results in the econ dependency of old age, should be viewed as a socially determined problem. The main sources of support for the aged in industrialized countries are reviewed & it is concluded that, despite increases in real income, & instit'al developments such as the growth of employers' private pension schemes, provision by the state remains all important. The danger of viewing the retired as a homogeneous group with similar econ problems is emphasized, both because of the general inequality of distribution of resources among them, & because of the special econ problems of single & widowed women. Finally, it is argued that no very sophisticated standards of poverty are required to describe large numbers of the old as poor in both GB & US today. AA.
The creation of ASEAN in 1967 was precipitated by political and geostrategic reasons associated with the West's abandonment of its role as a shield against communism. After the 1973-1974 oil crisis and recession, regional economic cooperation was given more serious consideration including preferential trading arrangements between members, common trade negotiations with outside powers and a policy of complementary industrial investment. Although progress has been slow, all five countries share the same goals of economic growth and stability and the growing sense of regional identity has become very real. (Internat. Political Science Assoc.)