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What people do concern to the elite? Wilfred Pareto opposed mass and elites. According to Pareto the elite is a few people which is the best in their profession. In my opinion elite is a layer of the best people who occupy statuses of controllers in society. People‐controllers strive to provide the status of controller not only for themselves but also for their relatives ‐ spouses and children. They try to marry with the same representatives of the elite. As a result closed layer of people or privileged caste are formed sometimes in which entrance has be closed for outsiders social lifts on the upper floor are turned off. This leads to degenerate of elite. Members of elite provide for themselves the highest standard of living. According to the Pareto members of the elite can be conceded the great favorite great chessman millionaire and adroit swindler which has deceived many fools and he don’t get in prison. An example of such adroit swindler is the literary hero Ostap Bender from novel Ilya Ilf and Evgeny Petrov “12 chairs” and “Gold calf”. It can put the 10 points to representatives of elite in competition of the life. How can improve status of the poor men? According by the Pareto shares of the distribution for returns between rich men and poor men has the same in all countries. To increase returns by poor classes can only with help of extension of production and it need not with help of a more just distribution. The best means for improve of status of poor classes is to make such that wealth grew moor quickly then population. The circulation of elites Elite strives to maintain its power with help propaganda and grants for the poor. Pareto called such elites cheat‐democratic. Any revolution finishes the fraud of people’s masses because the new elite is no better than the old. Masses remain in a fools usually ‐ new elite begin to control people’s masses . For example the Bolsheviks proved to be no better nobility. According to the famous formula Pareto “history is a cemetery aristocracies”. Elite arise from lower layers of society reach to higher layers flourish and then arrival to decline are destroyed and vanish during unbroken circulation. Foxes and Lions among representatives of elite Elite manages to mass by force or cunning in the first case the elite is a family of Lions in the second case the elite is family of Foxes. “Lions” prefer the violence “Foxes” prefer resource. Communist or fascist regimes belong to family of Lions Western democracy belong to a family of foxes. Pareto offers two ways to preservation of power for old elite •To execute of revolutionaries or to expel them to colony •To dissolve the part of revolutionaries within the ruling elite that is to allow the part of revolutionaries to make a legal career instead they organize the revolution civil war and physical destruction of old elite. The second method is moor preferred. Why do ruling dynasties and elites lose authority? What is reason of the defeat of the White Guards in the battle with the Red Guards in the Civil War in Russia in 1917‐1920 years? What reasons is the manifestation of the complete weakness that of former ruling elites? In the past nobles knew how to successfully suppress peasant uprisings for example peasant uprisings under the leadership of Razin and Pugachev. Why did the Romanov dynasty appear complete weakness and lose authority in Russia in 1917? Why was the descendants of such bright and strong rulers of Russia as Peter 1 Elizabeth 1 and Ekaterina 2 steels first such weak rulers with the strangenesses in the behavior as Peter 3 Pavel 1 and Alexander 1 and then such dull conservatives as Nikolai 1 Alexander 3 Nikolai 2? Last ruler from the Romanov dynasty did not know how to conduct the necessary reforms to introduce the constitutional monarchy ‐ and dynasty lost authority but the family of Nikolai 2 was executed on Lenin s order. And this happened despite the fact that Russian nobles and emperors from the Romanov dynasty thoroughly selected brides for example from the number of most “thoroughbred” German princesses for the purpose to avoid the degeneration of posterity. In spite of this only son and heir of last Russian emperor (prince Aleksey ) proved to be sick with hereditary incurable disease ‐ hemophilia ‐ and it was doomed die at the young age. About the circulation of elites V. Pareto wrote. Elite is thatch small number of people each of which succeeded in their profession and reached the highest echelon of professional hierarchy. Elite governs mass with the aid of the force or the craftiness in the first case of elite it is the family of lions and in the second case ‐ by family of foxes. “The Lions” give preference to violence while “foxes” ‐ resourceful. In our opinion the majority of aristocrats in the family of lions compose the speakers and psychologists compose the majority of aristocrats in the family of foxes. As exception from this rule it serves the fact that all tyrants who built their authority on the terror violence denunciations and shadowing they were psychologists but they knew how to use violence only against the defenseless citizens of their country but they were poor generals and they did not know how to wage war against the strong external enemy. Psychologist Ivan Terrible lost Livonia’s war. Psychologist Hitler lost World War II. Through psychologist Stalin s fault Russian people carried enormous victims in 1941‐1942 yr. and only after the actual transfer of command by army from Stalin to the General Staff headed by such speakers as Zhukov Rokossovskiy Konev Vasilevskiy and Malinovskiy Russia could gain difficult victory in 1945. above Germany and Japan. Is well known the famous formula of Pareto about the fact that history ‐ this cemetery of aristocracies. The circulation of the elite lies in the fact that of elite is born from the lower layers of society climbs upward the stairs of social pyramid it blooms it comes into the decline and perishes. Pareto calls the following reasons for the loss of the aristocracies destruction in the battles the loss of the ability to use force during control of people. Grandsons and great‐grandsons of those who conquered authority are frequently inclined to the intellectual combinations to the thinned enjoyment to the occupations by skills but they lose tendency toward the violence. French to know 18 v. the philosophy of humanists was accepted it delighted in by life encouraged liberal ideas developed its “sensitivity” and as a result it perished on the scaffold. In our opinion the beginning of the enthusiasm of aristocrats by decadent skill defeat in the war the impoverishment of the representatives of elite indirectly testifies about the dangerous growth of the portion of psychologists inside this elite. The bloom of decadent skill in Russia at the beginning of 20 centuries defeat in the Russo‐Japanese war impoverishment of nobility degeneration of the Romanov dynasty it testified about the beginning of the degeneration of nobility whose representatives completely perished or were rejected abroad somewhat later as a result State Security Agent terror and Civil War. Revolution and Civil War leads to the almost complete destruction of the psychologists‐“degenerats” inside the elite and to the replacement by their speakers “upstarts”. In other western countries bourgeois elite selected authority in the degenerate and weakened feudal elite whose authority fell from the hands because of the internal weakness while in Russia authority in nobles unexpectedly intercepted the extremist‐ Bolsheviks. Unfortunately such Bolshevik‐ speakers as Lenin and Trotsky used entire their enormous energy to that in order to reject Russia back in the civilizational development to conduct contra‐reforms i.e. to abolish great western inventions ‐ representative democracy market private property. These inventions strengthen the process of social mobility inside the elite and prevent the process of degenerating the elite. Psychologist Stalin established tyrannical regime for the purpose to choke the resistance of people against these contra‐reforms. Russian people was forced to carry enormous victims and await 74 years until Bolshevik elite degenerates and it was feeble by natural way in order to replace with its new democratic elite which restored these great inventions. Elite must be occupied by war policy or business carry out free time at the feasts the hunting the gladiatorial ideas and the sport competitions the duels and the knightly tournaments (these methods of pastime they are characteristic for the speakers) but not to be occupied by the thinned skill and sexual distortions like the nontraditional sexual orientation in the men (these methods of pastime they are characteristic for the psychologists). The change of elites occurs not only because of the hot‐house conditions of life of the descendants of heroes but also because the wives of ruler‐ speakers and other representatives of elite become psychologists which leads to degeneration and loss of elites in the third generation. In these cases of psychologist‐ woman they manifest their salient ability to parasitize “to stick” to the most outstanding representatives of masculine sex and to bring elite or dynasty to the degeneration and the loss. Pareto proposes two methods for retaining the authority of the old elite 1) to execute revolutionaries or to send in the colony “of upstarts” 2) to adsorb to dissolve the part “of the upstarts” that of inside ruling elites i.e. to allow the part “of upstarts” to make a legal career instead of arranging of revolution Civil War and physical destruction “of degenerates”. The second method is more preferable. It is not difficult to surmise that these “upstarts” are the speakers and “degenerates” ‐ psychologists. For example “upstart” Gorbachev and Yeltsin were speakers and “degenerates” Brezhnev and Andropov were psychologists. The adsorption “of upstarts” makes it possible to increase the portion of speakers inside the elite. Revolution and Civil War leads to the almost complete destruction of psychologists inside the elite and to the replacement by their speakers. As the conclusion it should be noted that the reason for the loss of elites and dynasties is an increase of the fraction of psychologists in the composition of these social groups. Russian nobles was inferior to Leninist guards on the portion of speakers in their composition therefore nobles lost Civil War and they were rejected abroad or perished from the hands of State Security Agents. All best rulers in Russia were speakers for example Peter 1 Ekaterina 2 Yeltsin B.N. This fact did not consider the members of the Romanov dynasty during the selection of brides which led to the appearance of ruler‐ psychologists (Peter 3 Pavel 1 Alexander 1) and ruler‐ technicians (Nikolai 1 Alexander 2 Alexander 3 Nikolai 2). These tendencies have an effect on the degree of the success of political career on the selection of ways and methods of political fight on the selection of political role. My observations show that the profession policy today most is suitable for speakers since precisely they know how to conquer on the selections and are the best speakers. Today selections are the only legal method of fight for the political authority. The application of the armed assumption of power terror and political murders today is located under the legislative ban. The attempts of the President Putin to strengthen the vertical line of authority indicate strengthening executive power replacing the selections of the governors and senators by their designation from the side of the President which is profitable to such types of personality as technology psychologists. Understanding the tendencies of the types of personality makes it possible to understand some personal problems of the historical workers of the past and present to understand not only the objective but also subjective reasons for the development of history. It is possible to give examples of the types of personality in the policy. Such politicians as Yeltsin Bill Clinton Luzhkov Nemtsov Churchill de Goll Guchkov Chernomyrdin Gorbachev Zhirinovsky Alexander Macedonian prince Svyatoslav Igorevich Caesar Lzhedmitriy 1 Lenin Peter 1 Ekaterina 2 Trotsky Khrushchev Donald Trump were speakers. To make a conclusion about the type of the personality of political figure is possible on the basis of the study of his biography and development of his tendencies. The signs of speaker in the policy are oratorical and leadership talent tendency toward the adventurism skill to conquer on the selections and in the armed revolutions the low level of the formation (speaker he is frequently talented self‐taught person) alcoholism the presence of a large quantity of friends and companions‐in‐arms tendency toward the plagiarism. For example Peter 1 had the following features of speaker the low level of formation tendency toward alcoholism support to the companions‐in‐arms the oratorical and leadership talent the tendency to carry out reforms not through its own concept but through the western models. Lenin it had the following features of speaker correspondence course oratorical talent the success in the armed October revolution support to the companions‐in‐arms the tendency toward the plagiarism in the philosophy. Khrushchev had the following features of speaker the extremely low level of formation oratorical talent the skill to organize the armed revolution and the arrest of Beria the ill‐considered nature of reforms and adventurism in foreign and internal policy. Yeltsin it has the following features of speaker tendency toward alcoholism and adventurism oratorical talent the skill to conquer on the universal presidential elections the skill to suppress the armed putsches with the aid of the Armed Forces or with the aid of the organization of the armed resistance of simple citizens in the White House support to the companions‐in‐arms the tendency to conduct reforms not on the basis of our own concepts but on the basis of the prescriptions of western consultants and councils of theorists Sobchak and Gaydar. Trotsky used during the public appearance this method as the skill to flash by beautiful quip for this in it during the public appearance in the pocket is always stale the notebook with the winged expressions which entered into the history. For example it called students “to gnaw the granite of science” or at 2 congresses of councils sent Mensheviks and socialist revolutionaries “into the waste basket of history”. Speaker entire life rests on the group of adherents for example Peter 1 it rested on his “group of friends” Yeltsin are maintained friendly relations with its classmates entire life Lenin it always rested on “Leninist guards”. Many ruler‐ speakers are outstanding generals. Alexander Macedonian and prince Svyatoslav Igorevich first they rushed to the enemy in the battles. Peter 1 was leader in many battles for example in the Poltava battle but sometimes he in a cowardly manner ran on the eve of the battle for example before the battle of Narva or after quarrel with tsar Sofiya in 1689. Other speakers preferred to find obedient executors for the dangerous armed struggle for example no one it saw Lenin on the barricades or in the chapter of the armed force. Speakers frequently perish not in the battles but as a result secret plots and political murders for example speakers Caesar Yuri Dolgorukiy Philip Macedonian Trotsky perished from the hands of conspirators or agents of special services. Prince Svyatoslav Igorevich perished in the trap ‐ Pechenegs caught it on the Dnepr’s thresholds when it returned from the outputs after march in Byzantium. Gorbachev and Khrushchev lost the authority as a result of the plot of their former companions‐in‐arms. Speaker Khrushchev lost in the behind the scene fight to psychologist Brezhnev. Lzhedmitriy 1 (Grigoriy Otrepev) recaptured throne in the psychologist Boris Godunov but then Lzhedmitriy 1 lost as a result armed plot organized by psychologist Vasiliy Szujski. Szujski did not know how to introduce order in the period of disturbance and to destroy external enemy ‐ Poles. People despised Szujski for the meanness and weakness therefore as a result Moscow uprising Szujski was deposed and cut in monks. Psychologist Boris Godunov made a career due to the women ‐ he was married the daughter of Malyuta Skuratov who was court hangman during tsar Ivan Terrible lifetime and then it married its sister Irina on the last feeble ruler from the dynasty of Ryurikovich the son of Ivan [Grozny] ‐ Fedor Ioannovich who did not have heirs. Godunov knew how to organize liquidation his more than “thoroughbred” competitors ‐ tsarevich Dmitriy and brothers Romanovs. Tsarevich Dmitriy was killed by hired killers. Brothers Romanovs were the relatives of the first wife Ivan Terrible (Anastasiy) and were executed or cut in monks which deprived their right to the throne. Period of disturbance in Russia at the beginning 17 v. and the period of palace coups in 18 v. are the convenient from a scientific point of view periods of Russian history for studying such methods power contests as plot political murder and armed riot. Speakers are all leaders of peasant uprisings ‐ S.Razin E.Pugachev I.Bolotnikov K.Bulavin. Such speakers as Lenin were ready to step to authority even along the corpses. Such politicians as Marx Plekhanov Brezhnev Boris Godunov Vasiliy Szujski Ben Laden F. Castro Che Guevara President of USA Barak Obama Hillary Clinton were psychologists. By psychologists ‐ tyrants were Neuron Caligula Ivan Terrible Stalin and Hitler. Psychologist Beria was the candidate in tyrants whom its competitors in the power contest destroyed as a result armed revolution such speakers as Khrushchev and Zhukov played the eminent part in this revolution. By the signs of psychologist are enthusiasm religion by artistic literature and by social utopias the presence of the continuances of unemployment in the course of the life misery and humiliating for the men tendency to live due to the friends or the women increased sexuality which is manifested in large quantities mistresses and wives craftsmanship in the behind the scene fight. For example Stalin had the following features of psychologist the unfinished spiritual formation enthusiasm by the writing of verses into the youth the craftsmanship in the intrigues and in the behind the scene fight the absence of profession into the youth two wives and large quantity of mistresses among whom there were even minor girls complete absence of leadership talent. Hitler it had the following features of psychologist the dream against the profession of artist and the position of homeless tramps into the youth the failure to become official in spite of the councils of father because of the hostility to the routine work literary talent mysticism enthusiasm by vegetarianism and by eastern cults love for astrology the favorite role of prophet during the public appearance the high degree of the possession of the methods of behind the scene fight the absence of leadership talent low success on the selections (Nazis on the selections 1933 g. obtained only 43 9% of voices) [18 418] rumors about its nontraditional sexual orientation. By the way its companion‐in‐arms Of [rem] did not hide this orientation and connection with it strongly compromised Hitler. Ivan [Groznyy] had the following features of psychologist literary talent devotion to the fanaticism craftsmanship in the intrigues the high degree sexuality which appeared in the fact that it had six legal wives and large quantity of mistresses . K. Marx had the following features of psychologist the position of unemployed in the course of the almost entire life enthusiasm by poetry in the youth fanatical obsession by utopian ideas and by the unrealizable dream to become marshal in the chapter of the revolutionary armies of the proletariat misery and the readiness to live to the money of its friend ‐ speaker Engels the presence of large family too large a size of the compositions. Position in the country and with the court of ruler becomes completely intolerable when tyrant‐ psychologist it has mental deviations from the standard. Many tyrants had strangenesses in the behavior for example of strangeness in the behavior of Caligula those surrounding they began to note after the disease previous by it it began to consider itself terrestrial deity. Neuron considered itself great poet and singer the rumors walked about it that on its order was precisely set fire Rome so that it could inspire by the picture of fire for writing of poem about the loss Troy. Some researchers attempted to explain senseless executions as the symptoms of paranoia in Ivan Terrible and J. Stalin. In 1927. world famous psychiatrist Bekhterev was caused to the Kremlin for treating the Soviet dictator I. Stalin about whom they spoke that it experiences the periods of depression. Bekhterev placed diagnosis about the fact that Stalin suffers the heavy form of paranoia. After this Bekhterev died suspiciously rapidly ‐ in the same evening. Dissections for explaining the reason for death was not made body they cremated. There is an opinion that Bekhterev was poisoned on Stalin s order into revenge for the terrible diagnosis. Late Stalin ordered to end the scientific works begun in Bekhterev. The son of Bekhterev on Stalin s order was shot. [41 268] Khrushchev stamped personality cult and was called Stalin “mad on the throne”. The oratorical talent of Hitler consisted in the ability to excite crowd by its mystical force for this he used such methods as the appearance before the crowd in the night time the use of large enthusiasm of the public appearance and growth of the loudness of voice from the low words at the beginning of speech to the hysterical howls in the end of the public appearance which made it possible to bring crowd to the ecstasy. The night time of appearance was added to its words of mysteriousness. Pathos made possible for Hitler to act on subconsciousness. Humor prevents action on subconsciousness is made itself enthusiasm ridiculous therefore Hitler never used humor in the public appearance. Hitler it knew how to manipulate by crowd as the herd of rams. Hitler it knew how to cause enthusiasm and worship of crowd. Hitler s behavior is an example of the fact that the psychologist during the public appearance sometimes attempts to play the role of religious prophet he attempts himself to convert his speech at the pre‐ election meeting into the religious sermon. By the way such psychologists as Stalin and Brezhnev did not know how to play the role of prophet and they were very poor speakers. Psychologist Stalin was the unsurpassed master of behind the scene fight. In this form of fight it knew how to conquer such speakers as Lenin Trotsky Bukharin Rykov etc. There are many methods of behind the scene fight. Stalin used many stages of behind the scene fight in particular such as preliminary cleaning of bureaucracy from the supporters of his enemy the use of temporary allies and kindling conflicts between his deputies which were forced to report to tyrant to each other. Stalin strove before the decisive struggle at the Party Congress so that the majority of the leaders of middle link inside the party apparatus would prove to be on his side. According to him for the victory above “the Generals” it is necessary to attain support from the side of the majority “of officers” this support from the side of the leaders of middle link enemies Stalin underestimated. In all struggles for the authority between the leaders of Communist regime always conquered the Secretary Generals whose force consisted of the authorities to appoint to the post to send into the resignation. Before the decisive struggle with Trotsky at the Party Congress Stalin attained the ratio of forces in the apparatus of party 9 to 1 into his benefit. Thus far Trotsky appeared at the meetings Stalin dismissed its supporters from the apparatus of party and he assigned in their place of its supporters. At the Party Congress the supporters of Stalin using their majority simply they did not give to Trotsky to speak with platform muffled his words by whistle and hallooing. Stalin used temporary allies in the fight against the main enemy. After the victory above the main enemy Stalin removed from the post of his former temporary allies. This method made it possible to conquer its enemies on the turn. For example Stalin was used Zinovev and Kamenev in the fight against Trotsky then was used Bukharin Rykov and Tomsk in the fight against was Zinovev and Kamenev and then it sent into the resignation of Bukharin Rykov and Tomsk. Fateful error is Zinovev it consisted in the fact that it underestimated Stalin Zinovev considered that Trotsky is more dangerous than Stalin. “Leningrad matter” is an example of kindling conflicts between Stalin s deputies. Stalin fell ill and left to be treated to the health resort instead of it the country several months led Zhdanov. In this time Zhdanov had time to place in the chapter of many provincial party organizations of his friends ‐ residents of Leningrad thus Zhdanov was prepared for the assumption of power in the case of Stalin s death but Zhdanov excessively hurried. When Stalin returned to the capital then of Beria he reported to Stalin to Zhdanov. As a result Zhdanov died with the strange circumstances in “Leningrad’s” matter were executed 2 thousand people many of whom were ministers and high‐ranking officials. Ben [Laden] in the history for the first time used global terror in the fight against the USA. The use of this method of political fight assumes the presence in its organizer of such qualities of nature as craftiness insidiousness and the mercilessness to the innocent civilians. Psychologists advance social utopias in the policy similar utopians were C. Marx T.Moor T.Kampanella J. . Unstenli Plato Morelia [G]. Babeuf A. de Sen‐Simon Robert Owen V. Belinskiy A.Gertsen N. Chernishevsky N.Dobrolyubov . Such of policy as Nikolai 1 Nikolai 2 Alexander 3 Molotov Zyuganov presidents of USA J. Bush‐old J. Bush‐junior are technicians. All these of technicians in the policy are the innate conservatives and the creators of order after the period of reforms or after revolution. The role of the creator of order successfully they can fulfill not only technicians but also speakers for example Sorokin were called such speakers as Caesar August Cromwell and Napoleon as examples “of the creators of order” after revolution . Technicians are well suited to the role of official but they be poorly suited to the role policy. They fall into the policy randomly ‐ on the patronage from the executive body or is obtained throne by the inheritance. They badly manage all methods of political fight ‐ they do not know how to conquer on the selections badly manage the methods of behind the scene fight and do not know how to arrange the armed revolutions. They are the innate executors have low leader’s abilities and prefer not to risk. For the successful conducting of behind the scene fight to them does not be sufficient such qualities of nature as craftiness and insidiousness. For the victory on the selections oratorical abilities and skill to be pleased public does not be sufficient to them. They prefer to come out from the platform on the paper and do not know how to come out in the free style. Their dull long and deprived of emotions speeches do not please themselves crowd since. only with the aid of the expression of emotions it is possible to act on subconsciousness of man in the crowd. Signs technology in the policy are the profession of official in the past life conservatism and the tendency to direct order in the country gray exterior view and monotonous family life low sexuality and absence of mistresses manner of the public appearance in the form of appearance on the paper. For example Nikolai 2 had the following features the technology the conservatism of political views and the tendency to preserve the absolute monarchy at any cost for it manifesto on October 17 1917. wrote speaker Witt his tsar signed but so I could not complete the democratic reforms as a result revolution tsar perished together with his family. J. Bush with great difficulty it conquered on the first presidential elections it was necessary even several times to recount electorate. During the attack of international terrorists on America Bush at the first moment somewhat was lost but then began to successfully introduce order and to fight with the terrorists in Afghanistan and Iraq. Zyuganov manifests its conservatism in the tendency to turn history to backwards and fight with Yeltsin s reforms. Such of policy as Sorokin Milyukov Sobchak Sakharov Novodvorskaya and Gaydar are theorists. The most successful role of theorist in the policy ‐ this is the role of adviser in the ruler‐ reformer whom the speaker is usually. This speaker carries out reforms in accordance with the councils of theorist. Sorokin was the personal secretary prime minister Kerenskiy. Sobchak Sakharov and Gaydar were the advisers of president Yeltsin. The attempt of the theorist to play independent role in the policy without the support to the speaker always leads to the failure. The signs of theorist in the policy are the profession of university instructor and scientific degree panicky fear before the public appearance originality and arbitrariness of conclusions a certain strangeness and the odd eccentricity of exterior view proposal advancing about the political reforms. All theorists were the supporters of the democratic reforms. For example Milyukov on the profession he was the university professor of history and had scientific degree. Sobchak was the professor of right and had scientific degree. Gaydar be professor economy as prime minister it introduce in Russia market it panically fear public appearance and not know how please crowd. Novodvorskaya has quite strange and eccentric appearance it the most original and most categorical conclusions it has the unemployed personal life. Sakharov become creator Hydrogen H‐bomb and have title academician it panically fear come out before public at congress Highest Supreme Soviet public prevent it from come out with the aid of false ovation.