What is ethnography? -- Research design : problems, cases, and samples -- Access -- Field relations -- Oral accounts and the role of interviewing -- Documents and other artefacts, real and virtual -- Recording and organizing data -- The process of analysis -- Writing ethnography -- Ethics
Thoroughly updated and substantially rewritten, this edition of this popular textbook is now even more relevant and useful for students and researchers. The new material includes: chapters on the use of visual research methods, recent advances in feminist theory, new regimes of research regulation and a new conclusion. "Ethnography" provides a systematic and coherent account of ethnographic principles and practice. Rejecting the over-simplified contrast between 'positivism' and 'naturalism', but also questioning more recent critiques of these positions, the authors argue that ethnography is best understood as a reflexive process. Above all, what this means is that we must recognize that social research is part of the world that it studies.From an outline of the principle of reflexivity in chapter one, the authors go on to discuss and exemplify the main features of ethnographic work: the selection and sampling of cases; the problems of access; observation and interviewing; recording and filing data; the process of data analysis; and writing research reports. There is also consideration of the ethical issues surrounding ethnographic research. Throughout, the discussion draws on a wide range of illustrative material from classic and more recent studies within a global context.
Harry Wolcott, one of anthropology's leading writers on ethnographic methods, here addresses the nature of the ethnographic enterprise itself. Tracing its development from its disciplinary origins in sociology and anthropology, he helps the reader understand what is distinctive about ethnography and what it means to conduct research in the ethnographic tradition. In this engaging, thought-provoking book, he distinguishes ethnography as more than just a set of field methods and practices, separating it from many related qualitative research traditions as "a way of seeing" through the lens of culture. For both beginning and experienced ethnographers in a wide range of disciplines, Wolcott's book will provide important ideas for improving research practice.
"In turn creative thinker and street flaneur, careful planner and adventurer, empathic listener and distant voyeur, recluse writer and active participant: the ethnographer is a multifaceted researcher of social worlds and social life. In this book, sociologists Sarah Daynes and Terry Williams team up to explore the art of ethnographic research and the many complex decisions it requires. Using their extensive fieldwork experience in the United States and Europe, and hours spent in the classroom training new ethnographers, they illustrate, discuss, and reflect on the key skills and tools required for successful research, including research design, entry and exit, participant observation, fieldnotes, ethics, and writing up. Covering both the theoretical foundations and practical realities of ethnography, this highly readable and entertaining book will be invaluable to students in sociology and other disciplines in which ethnography has become a core qualitative research method"--