"This new introduction to the European Union is distinguished by its focus on the evolution and functioning of the political system of the EU and how best to understand and theorise its often contradictory and multifaceted nature and the dynamics of European integration. Providing a sophisticated analysis of the distinctive institutions and the processes of multi-level governance inherent in the EU, this text assesses the challenges of this complex political actor both past and present. "--
Introduction -- The evolution of European integration -- Institutions and decision-making in the European Union -- Key policies of the European Union -- The European Union in the world -- Controversies in today's European Union -- Where now for the European Union?
This article provides an overview of the study of the European Union since the doldrums of the 1970s. We focus on three debates that have helped to shape the field. Has European integration centralised state control or is European integration part of a process of dispersion of authority? What is the role of identity in framing preferences over European integration? And, finally, is European integration part of a new political cleavage? We observe that the European Union is a moving target. It has a habit of throwing up new and unexpected facts which wrong-foot extant theories. We have no grounds for believing that this will not continue. Adapted from the source document.
The European Union is the largest economic entity in the world and one of the largest political entities, with 493 million people in 2006. Fully updated for 2007 to include controversial and current topics such as the Union's enlargement and its role in ongoing world affairs, this accessible Very Short Introduction shows how and why the Union has developed, how its institutions work, and what it does--from the single market to the Euro, and from agriculture to peace-keeping and the environment. Pinder and Usherwood cover the entire history of the Union, examine the momentous changes that have taken place within the Union since 2000, and highlight the benefits, controversies, and lessons learned from programs such as its expansion into central and eastern Europe, and the circulation of the Euro. The book also examines the role of the European Union as a peace-keeper in Europe and beyond, sheds light on how it functions in world politics, looks at its role in supporting the rise of environmental politics, and considers the challenges and choices that lie ahead in the 21st century --
The tragedy of Europe / Winston S. Churchill -- The Schuman Declaration / Robert Schuman -- Preambles to the Treaties of Rome -- A ferment of change / Jean Monnet -- A concert of European states / Charles de Gaulle -- Preamble to the Single European Act -- A family of nations / Margaret Thatcher -- A necessary union / Jacques Delors -- Preamble to the Treaty on European Union (the Maastricht Treaty) -- Altiero Spinelli and the strategy for the United States of Europe / Sergio Pistone -- A working peace system / David Mitrany -- Political integration : definitions and hypotheses / Leon N. Lindberg -- Neofunctionalism : a case of mistaken identity / A.J.R. Groom -- The theory of economic integration : an introduction / Bela Balassa -- Domestic politics and European Community policy making / Simon Bulmer -- Political elites, popular indifference and community building / Martin Slater -- Organized interests and the Europe of 1992 / Philippe C. Schmitter and Wolfgang Streeck -- 1992 : recasting the European bargain / Wayne Sandholtz and John Zysman -- Negotiating the Single European Act : national interests and conventional statecraft in the European Community / Andrew Moravcsik -- Institutional change in Europe in the 1980s / Robert O. Keohane and Stanley Hoffmann -- Choosing union : monetary politics and Maastricht / Wayne Sandholtz
and National Industrial Policy Although the implications of European Union membership have been the subject of intense political and academic enquiry in all fifteen member states, the actual impact of EU action on the member states remains curiously under-researched. This book, the first in a new series, The State and the European Union, will look at how the EU has affected traditional policy making in the member states through a study of a range of industrial, financial and service sectors. The authors investigate the impact of EU initiatives on the policies traditionally pursued by the four larger member states in these areas. In doing so they shed light on how national actors have responded to the growing importance of the EU and how relationships between actors—especially governments and state-owned companies—have been affected. The contributors use their findings to assess the impact of the EU on state autonomy and to evaluate claims that have been made about the consequences of European integration for the member states. In a domain where much of the literature concentrates on the functioning of EU institutions, offers summaries of what the EU has done or abstractly speculates on its nature, The European and National Industrial Policy offers a unique empirical and theoretically reflective investigation of the relationship between the Union and the member states.
The European Union : questions and answers / Kristin Archick, Derek E. Mix -- The European Parliament / Kristin Archick, Derek E. Mix -- The European Union : leadership changes resulting from the Lisbon Treaty / Derek E. Mix -- The European Union's reform process : the Lisbon Treaty / Kristin Archick, Derek E. Mix -- Europe's preferential trade agreements : status, content, and implications / Raymond J. Ahearn -- European Union enlargement : a status report on Turkey's accession negotiations / Vincent Morelli, Carol Migdalovitz -- European Union englargement / Kristin Archick -- The financial crisis : impact on and response by the European Union / James K. Jackson -- The European Union's energy security challenges / Paul Belkin -- Chemical regulation in the European Union : registration, evaluation, and authorization of chemicals / Linda-Jo Schierow