This paper pilots an approach to identifying, categorizing, and mapping public land owned by the central, state, and local government in urban developed areas of Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India. The methodology uses information on plot sizes, location, and ownership that is publicly available for all areas covered by town planning schemes. The study examines the extent of unutilized and underutilized public land, which excludes all cemeteries, parks and gardens, heritage buildings, slums, utilities, infrastructure land, and industrial estates. Unused land already earmarked for public purposes were also excluded from the valuation exercise. The potentially marketable land so identified was valued at both official rates and estimated market rates. The value of potentially marketable excess land is significant -- in per capita terms, the high-value scenario substantially exceeds the estimate of total infrastructure investment needs for the next 20 years prepared by an expert committee of the Ministry of Urban Development of the Government of India.
Agricultural cooperatives have been promoted in India's economic development programme as a means of production while enhancing community cooperation and equity. Focusing on sugar cooperatives in Gujarat state of western India, the author shows that these cooperatives have been successful in promoting large-scale agricultural production and in improving the economic and social standing of their members. As a result, there has been an increased differentiation of the peasantry in South Gujarat. (DSE/DÜI)
Water quality has become a major concern due to ever increasing human developmental activities that over exploit and pollute the water resources. The physico-chemical parameters like pH, EC, DO, BOD, alkalinity, hardness, calcium and magnesium were analyzed during monsoon and post-monsoon season. A study on physical, chemical and biological characters of River water and its suitability for drinking purpose was carried out of Reservoir water of Rajkot, Gujarat. The results of the present study have been discussed it is clear that the water is not highly polluted, but the variations in physico-chemical parameters were observed as seasonally. The recorded range of physico-chemical parameters were within the maximum permissible limit.
During 1985 a bitter conflict erupted in India over the "reservation" system, which allocates quotes of educational and government employment positions to the Schedule castes, Scheduled tribes and other backward classes. In Gujarat the Congress Government attempted to legislate an increase in backward class reservations after winning a strong mandate to do so in the state elections. The author describes the political upheavels in Gujarat following the government's legislation attempts and discusses the dilemmas facing those who seek to establish an all-India reservation policy. (DÜI-Sen)