"This is an edition of two manuscripts with notes taken during Samuel Pufendorf's teaching at the University of Lund in the early 1670s. The shorter manuscript consists of annotations from lectures on De jure naturae et gentium, the lengthier renders notes taken during lectures on De officio hominis et civis. The texts show Pufendorf's doctrine at the pedagogic level, as it was presented to students immediately after his books were published. The effect of that is that natural law is imbedded in religion; Biblical references are numerous compared to in the printed books. Still, many comments reflect Pufendorf's conflict with local adversaries in Lund and with Lutheran theologians in Germany. The main message, however, is that natural law, i.e. Pufendorf, should replace Aristotle as foundation for the teaching of moral philosophy"--Title page verso
Das vorliegende Buch ist der 36. Band der Amsterdamer Erasmi Opera omnia (ASD V, 6). Es enthalt die Institutio matrimonii christiani, herausgegeben von A.G. Weiler (Heelsum) und die Vidua christiana, herausgegeben von Maria Cytowskat (Warszawa). Die beiden Schriften gehoren zum funften 'ordo' im Kanan der Schriften von Erasmus. Die Gliederung in 'ordines' hat Erasmus selbst in seinen Briefen an Botzheim und Boece fur die Herausgabe seiner Werke aufgestellt (c£ General Introduction, ASD I, I, pp. x, xvii-xviii, und C. Reedijk, Tandem bona causa triumphat. Zur Geschichte des Gesamtwerkes des Erasmus von Rotterdam. Vortrage der Aeneas-Silvius-Stiftung an der Universitat Basel, XVI, Basel/Stuttgart, 1980, p. 12 sqq., 21-22). Die Kommission mochte wiederum all den Bibliotheken danken, die Bucher, Photokopien, Mikrofilme und bibliographisches Material zur Verfligung gestellt haben. Der Conseil international pour l'edition des reuvres completes d'Erasme hat den Verlust von zwei Mitgliedern zu bedauern: Charles Bene (t 19. November 2005) und Felix Heinimann (t 23. Januar 2006). Der Conseil und die Mitarbeiter der Erasmusausgabe haben ihrem Rat und ihrer Hilfe sehr vie! zu verdanken. Die Verstorbenen sind uberdies selbst als Herausgeber in ASD aufgetreten. Professor Bene war Vorsitzender der Psalmenkommission, gab die Enarrationes in Psalmos IV, XIV und XXII heraus und schrieb auch die 'introduction generale' zu den Psalmkommentaren (ASD V, 3). Vorsitzender der Adagiakommission war dreissig Jahre lang Professor Heinimann; in Zusammenarbeit mit Dr. E. Kienzle hat er drei Adagienbande herausgegeben (ASD II, 4-6). Der abschliessende Band ASD II, 9 (Adagiorum Collectanea) gab er zusammen mit Dr. M. van Poll-van de Lisdonk heraus. Als dieser Band schon im Druck war, erreichte uns die traurige Nachricht, dass Maria Cytowska, die Herausgeherin der Vidua christiana, am 14. November 2007 verstorben ist. Professor Cytowska, Mitglied des Conseil von 1979 bis 1995, hat 1973 De pronuntiatione und De constructione (ASD I, 4) und 1998, zusammen mit Dr. M. van Poll-van de Lisdonk, Adagia 501-1000 herausgegeben (ASD II, 2). Der Conseil wird den Verstorbenen ein ehrenvolles Gedachtnis hewahren.Prof. Dr. Jan Bloemendal hat die Leitung des Erasmusprojektes am Huygens Instituut iibernommen und ist Mitglied der Redaktionskommission geworden. Prof. Dr. J. Trapman ist am I. Januar 2007 in Pension gegangen, wird aber Mitglied des Conseil international und der Redaktionskommission bleiben.
This thirtieth volume in Erasmus' Opera omnia (ASD) is the fourth volume within 'ordo' IX, that is the 'ordo' of the Apologies. The division into 'ordines' each 'ordo' being devoted to a specific literary or thematic category - was laid down by Erasmus himself for the posthumous publication of his works (see General introduction, ASD I, pp. x, xvii-xviii, and C. Reedijk, Tandem bona causa triumphat. Zur Geschichte des Gesamtwerkes des Erasmus von Rotterdam. Vortrage der Aeneas-Silvius-Stiftung an der Universita.t Basel, XVI, Basel/Stuttgart, 1980, p. 12 sqq., 21-22). The present volume (tom. IX, 4) contains Apologia qua respondet duabus inuectiuis Eduardi Lei; Responsio ad annotationes Eduardi Lei; Manifesta Mendacia (ed. Erika Rummel, Toronto), and Responsio ad disputationem cuiusdam Phimostomi de diuortio (ed. Edwin Rabbie, The Hague). The Editorial Board and the editors of the present volume are grateful to all libraries that kindly put books, photostats, microfilms, and bibliographical material at their disposal. On 6 May, 2002, Professor Sem Dresden, President of the Conseil international pour l'edition des reuvres completes d'Erasme from 1971-1998, died at Leiden at the age of 87. This Presidency was but one of the many official duties he carried out with such distinction. He served as rector magnificus of Leiden University, as President of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences, and as chairman of many other societies and committees. His style of presiding was casual and ironical, but always very effective. Although much sought-after as chairman of various bodies in the scholarly world, his real love was for literature and art. He started his academic career at Leiden University as professor of French literature (1947-1975), after which he switched to general literature (1975-1981). His publications mirror his versatile mind: he wrote about Erasmus, Rabelais, Grotius, Proust, Valery and many others; he discussed, among other things, kitsch, the detective novel and the VIII PREFACE pleasure of reading; he devoted books to the theory of biography, humanism, creativity, symbolism, and Holocaust literature. One of Dresden's favourite authors was Montaigne whom he characterised as the 'spelende wijsgeer' (the playing philosopher). In April 2002 he was awarded the EC. Hooft prize, the Dutch national prize for literature, for his books and essays. Professor Dresden joined the Conseil international in 1965 and has also been a member of the Editorial Board. In 1977 he edited Erasmus' De contemptu mundi (ASD V, I, pp. 1-86) and in 1985 the Commentaries on Psalms 2 and 3 (ASD V, 2, pp. 81-179). We will cherish the memory or our former President for his many contributions to the Erasmus edition. His devotion to ASD and its collaborators was, as we remember, often hidden behind what he himself used to call his lightheartedness.
The 14th century was the high-point of German mercenary activity in the service of Italian princes and cities. For the first time in 60 years, this study addresses the multifarious implications of this intriguing subject. On the basis of newly discovered sources, it analyzes the general parameters defining international mercenary service in 14th century Italy and describes the life-situations of German mercenaries in war and peacetime. Inquiry into the motives of the mercenaries extends the purview to their geographical origins north of the Alps.
This twenty-eighth volume in Erasmus' Opera omnia (ASD) is the fifth within 'ordo' VI, that is the corda' of the New Testament and the Annotations. The division into 'ordines' - each 'ordo' being devoted to a specific literary or thematic category - was laid down by Erasmus himself for the posthumous publication of his works (see General introduction, ASD I, pp. x, xvii-xviii, and C. Reedijk, Tcmdem bona causa triumphat. Zur Geschichte des Gesamtwerkes des Erasmus von Rotterdam. Vortrage der Aeneas-Silvius-Stiftung an der Universitiit Basel, XVI, Basel/Stuttgart, 1980, p. 12 sqq., 21-22). The present volume (tom. VI, 5, edited by P. F. Hovingh, Rotterdam) contains the first part of the Annotationes in Nouum Testamentum, to wit the Annotations on Matthew, Mark and Luke. The Annotations on the other books of the New Testament will be published in ASD VI, 6-9. ASD VI, 1-4 will comprise Erasmus' edition of the New Testament (Greek and Latin). The order of publication depends on when the respective volumes are finished. With regard to the edition of 'ordo' VI the Editorial Board is much indebted to Professor H. J. de Jonge (Leiden) for his expert advice. The Editorial Board and the editor of the present volume are grateful to all libraries that kindly put books, photostats, microfilms, and bibliographical material at their disposal. The Conseil international pour l'edition des oeuvres completes d'Erasme and the Editorial Board mourn the sad loss of the founding father of the Erasmus edition, Dr. Cornelis Reedijk, who died on 7 May 2000 at the age of 79. Born in Rotterdam, he attended the Gymnasium Erasmianum of that city. After reading classics at Leiden and Amsterdam, he started working at the Gemeentebibliotheek Rotterdam in 1945, where he became Keeper in 1953, and Director in 1958. In the meantime he published his pioneering edition of The Poems ofDesiderius Erasmus (Leiden, Brill, 1956). It served as his Leiden Ph.D. thesis, which was supervised by Professor J.H. Waszink. In 1962 Reedijk was appointed Head Librarian of the Koninklijke Bibliotheek at The Hague, from which he retired in 1986. He also distinguished himself in many international activities, in particular in the context of the International Federation of Library Associations. The story ofhow the Conseil international and the Erasmus edition came into being is told in the General Introduction (see ASD I, I, pp. xv-xvii). There is no need to repeat it here, but it may be appropriate to quote the opening passage: «The initiative for this edition was taken in Rotterdam, Erasmus' native city. In1960 the historical society 'Roterodamum' addressed a letter to the municipality containing a number of suggestions for the commemoration of the fifth centenary of Erasmus' birth in 1969. One of these suggestions was that the municipality encourage an investigation of the question whether there was a need for a new critical edition of the works of Erasmus and, if so, by what means such an edition might be accomplished». The man behind this initiative was Reedijk, who understated his role, being the actual author of the General introduction which was signed by the members of the then Editorial Board, J.H. Waszink, Leon-E. Halkin, C. Reedijk, C.M. Bruehl. With Reedijk's death, they have all left us now. Dr. Reedijk became the Secretary of the Conseil international in 1963 and in 1969 its Secretary General, combining this post from 1992 with that of Treasurer. For reasons of health he decided to resign these positions in 1998, remaining, however, a member of the Conseil international and the Editorial Board. Both the Conseil and the Board will remember Cornelis Reedijk with gratitude and affection, and they will hold his memory in high esteem.