Modern transformation of the economic system of this country led to structural changes in the social environment. Movement of population and human resources inside and outside the country increased. The growth of the scale of international migration processes, their mixed impact on the development of the countries, qualitative transformation of the specified processes determine the importance of the study of demographic and employment dimension of the international migration processes in Ukraine, which is among the main donors of population. The aim of the work is to determine demographic and human dimension of international migration processes in Ukraine. To achieve the goal, we applied dialectical method of scientific knowledge, as well as general scientific and special methods of research. The current state of migration processes in the global economy was examined. It was determined that in the global migration system Ukraine happens to be the country of origin, of transit and arrival of migrants. We analyzed the regional structure of migration flows in the state. It was proved that in recent years the country continues to lose population as a result of emigration, and these losses are not offset by immigration from abroad. This leads to a rapid decrease of the population of Ukraine. In addition, we tackled the problem of emigration of highly skilled labour force out of the country while the main channels of immigration into the country were identified. One of these channels is educational migration because Ukraine is included into the top ten leaders in the international market of educational services. It was substantiated that the target guideline of the state migration policy of Ukraine should be keeping the country's intellectual potential, for which it is necessary to ensure the execution of the following tasks: provision of financial and material resources to the development of science and higher education; funding in full the salaries of teachers in higher education, research workers; development of programs to preserve intellectual potential of the country; development of a mechanism for stimulating research activities and training of qualified professionals. The scientific novelty of the obtained results is in the developing and clarifying theoretical and practical foundations of the research into the issues of demographic and employment dimension of international migration processes in Ukraine. The practical value of the research results is in the definition of the target guideline of the state migration policy of Ukraine, which should be the preservation of the intellectual potential of the country. The participation of Ukraine in the international migration of skilled people should include an evolutionary process of rapprochement with the scientific and technological environment, and this process requires coordinated actions of all branches of government and business, predetermining the need for further research in this direction.
The article discusses the factors and features of the development strategy of foreign trade activities of Ukrainian enterprises. The main components of the mechanism of foreign trade development strategy of Ukrainian firms, its problems and prospects for improving the light of foreign experience. A scheme for the development strategy of foreign economic activity of the enterprise, which includes goals, motives and results
The paper examines environmental management education experience in the most recognized universities worldwide and compares it with Ukrainian practice. The ratings of the universities are used to make lists of universities to examine. Most of the institutions provide environmental management education in different forms. The study shows that environmental management and related disciplines cover similar topics. American universities use more practical approach and pay more attention to the role of community in decision-making. In Ukraine environmental management courses are taught focusing on management of natural resources, ecological audit, ecological expertise and environmental risk management topics.
The last decade of the 20th century and the beginning of the 21st century are characterized by an unprecedented intensification of the processes of mergers and acquisitions of the companies both in the developed and the developing countries. The companies working in information business underwent changes. The question arises of the expediency of the processes of mergers and acquisitions, of the efficiency of consolidation and concentration of capital in the field of information business. The aim of the research is the development of a methodological approach and the formation, based on it, of the mechanism of organizational and economic concentration and consolidation in the management of information business in modern global economy. The main research methods are dialectical method of scientific knowledge, general scientific methods of analysis and synthesis, comparative analysis and generalization of data. The conducted research into the volumes of mergers and acquisitions in the sector of information technologies, which directly affects the formation of the information business, has allowed revealing that the creation of new business models through the merger of capital caused bankruptcies. It is proven that 70% of profitable agreements were not implemented because of the not properly elaborated system of integration of the companies. We made a conclusion that due to the absence of an efficient mechanism for mergers and acquisitions of capital, after the processes of integration many companies in the information business did not have the opportunity to function efficiently. It was revealed that to ensure management of the concentration of capital it is necessary to identify and study related processes; to establish a set of conditions and parameters that characterize each process; to assign a manager who would manage and monitor a single simple process. The scientific novelty of the obtained results is the substantiation of the necessity of the application of organizational–economic mechanism during consolidation and concentration of capital in the information business based on the analysis of the dynamics of mergers and acquisitions in the sector of information technologies. The practical significance of the obtained results is the possibility of application of organizational–economic mechanism during mergers and acquisitions of capital in the information business. The application of this mechanism will improve the process of consolidation and provide the ability to control the capital and make the necessary changes on the consistent and regular basis. The processes of managing the concentration and consolidation of the capital are new for the economies of the world, so the trends of their occurrence define the directions of further research.