in: Proceedings of the ... world congress of the International Association for Philosophy of Law and Social Philosophy 17,3
in: Challenges to law at the end of the 20th century: proceedings of the 17th world congress of the International Association for Philosophy of Law and Social Philosophy (IVR), Bologna, June 16 - 21, 1995 3
Abstract Law, often neglected in treatments of the Republic, is essential to the philosopher-kings' rule. Only law accomplishes the partial divinization of citizens at which philosophical politics aims. Socrates' interrogation of Thrasymachus and Glaucon reveals law to be a command whereby citizens participate in philosophical knowledge and limit the pleonexia congenital to humanity. Law does so primarily by instilling in souls a true opinion resistant to pleonectic passion, producing a state of political virtue. This primary work is supported by the musical and poetical education, itself shaped by law for the sake of law. Law persuades and compels the soul by appealing to both reason and spiritedness, enabling them to overcome the appetites. The soul's consequent acceptance of truth and resistance to the passions indeed makes it resemble divinity. In so transforming the citizens through the law, the philosopher-king also unifies the city and makes it happy under his rule.