Repository: National Digital Learning Resources, Ireland: NDLR Dspace
This module analyzes the foundations of mass media in America as well as the political and technological developments that generate change. The primary focus is upon news disseminated by television, newspapers, radio, and the internet as the chief sources of current information about the world.
Mass media can play a key role in enabling citizens to monitor the actions of incumbents and to use this information in their voting decisions. This can lead to government which is more accountable and responsive to its citizens ’ needs. In spite of the intuitive plausibility of the proposition, there
In contemporary society the influence of mass media has gradually been increasing and, nowadays, media are one identity-building resource among other socialization agents such as school and parents as well as social structures like gender, class or ethnicity. We want to focuss the important role that mass media play in the building of the “public sphere”, which is understood as an imaginary community which does not necessarily require national boundaries. Jürgen Habermas wrote in 1962 about the relationship between “public sphere” and “public opinion”, highlighting the important role of political parties and press in the creation of both notions. But, in this text, what we are really interested in is the “public connection” concept, that is, the relationship between media and political engagement (Carpentier, Livingstone and Markham, 2007). There are multiple ways in which media consumption contributes to public connection and shows to expanding political interest and there is no doubt that it is an essential question in the context of Europe.
Mass movement of people over national borders constitutes the major feature of the today's world. Immigration and its implications are widely debated, whereby the term 'immigration', whenever appeared in a text, hardly ever refers to some unambigously defined concept. To deal with the question of immigration is, therefore, to be faced with a variety of definitions and connotations. The thesis constitutes an attempt to understand how the phenomenon of immigration is conceptualized in Swedish mass media debate, and explore the dynamics of the discourse over the last decade. To do so, the study develops a theoretical framework that takes a form of classification of different approaches to immigration, as formulated by major paradigms of international relations (liberal communitarianism, realism, idealism) and as developed within modern economic and cultural studies. Social construction of immigration and its implications for the nation-states serves as the organizing principle for the emerging classification, as social constructivism is adopted as the ontological standpoint of the thesis. The thesis then analyzes over 180 articles that deal with immigration and are published in the major Swedish daily newspapers, Dagens Nyheter and Svenska Dagbladet in the years 1993 and 2002. The aim is to discover common patterns of the debate and link them to the concepts constituting the theoretical framework. The analysis shows that almost all concepts described in the theoretical section can be identified in the mass media discourse, which allows to conclude that the developed classification has proved appropriate for the analysis of the empirical material. The research concludes that, while concepts pointing towards self-interests as determining factors for formulating immigration policies are present in the studied mass media discourse, which is especially clear in 1993, the debate in general is strongly influenced by adherence to international solidarity and humanistic values as the basis for Swedish traditional foreign policy. Additionally, the study highlights the essential changes occured within the debate over the last decade, among which a shift from connecting immigration exclusively to refugee policies towards a more braod understanding of immigration as a consequence of globalization and as a realization of individual right to free movement can be considered the most central.
Mass media plays a crucial role in information distribution and thus in the political market and public policy making. Theory predicts that information provided by mass media reflects the media's incentives to provide news to different types of groups in society, and affects these groups?influence in policy-making. We use data on agricultural policy from 60 countries, spanning a wide range of development stages and media markets, to test these predictions. We find that, in line with theoretical predictions, public support to agriculture is strongly affected by the structure of the mass media. In particular, a greater role of the private mass media in society is associated with policies which benefit the majority more: it reduces taxation of agriculture in poor countries and reduces subsidization of agriculture in rich countries, ceteris paribus. The evidence is also consistent with the hypothesis that increased competition in commercial media reduces transfers to special interest groups and contributes to more efficient public policies
Economic considerations, identity related considerations and cueing theory are used for explaining citizens’ attitudes towards the European Union. Yet, all of this research has failed to show how elite cues on interests and identities actually reach the citizens. As a consequence, the author argues that domestic mass media as the most widely used source for citizens’ information about the European Union has the potential to fill this missing link. Mass media actively construct reality by promoting ideas (agenda-setting and framing) and thereby shaping processes of socialization and persuasion. In this article the author discusses theoretical concepts of how mass media might affect citizens’ attitudes, summarizes what we know about the role of domestic mass media in the course of EU integration, derives research desiderates and finally shows why knowledge on the link between mass media and citizens is paramount to understand the future of EU integration.
The article discusses the main means of verbal persuasion used in political discourse, and their functions in the text. The concept of manipulation is defined from various perspectives and features peculiar to the political discourse of mass media are investigated. The political discourse is characterized by a combination of different tools of speech manipulation which found reflection in political discourse of mass media. And these reflections are given at different levels including phonographic, grammatical, lexical and lexical-pragmatic. The political discourse is characterized by manipulative feature for the purpose of conducting propaganda and ideological conflict which is done with the help of various linguistic units and methods such as alliteration, rhyme, rhythmization, nominalization, converse terms, neologisms, periphrases, deictic units, euphemisms, dysphemisms, sophisticated lexis, barbarisms, elliptic language and inversion. Political discourse of mass media has a huge impact on formulation of public opinion which is done with the help of the above-mentioned tools of speech manipulation. DOI: 10.5901/mjss.2015.v6n4s1p325
This paper is the result of study that focus to media practices and disinformation especially to political disinformation in Indonesia. There are four factors that push this study so it was done seriously. First, information has the important role that can shape and color the reality. Second, freedom of information and expression require the accountable and transparency. Therefore it needs the responsibility for implementation. Third, information can be controlled by any kind of interests. Fourth, the spread of information can be limited, stored and deviated. The production and reproduction of information can be designed in according to any differences interests. Finally the gap to access of informationcanmakeitmisusingandmisleading. Inthiscontextmassmediahassignificantposition to make disinformation through selecting and drawing to the events in the line with the interests. Mass media can be controlled by the owner, parties, NGO (Non-Government Organization), and any factions that involve the competition. Then disinformation took place when communications conflict show up through giving false and mistaken information.
Political parties gain their legitimacy through continuous public support, which is enhanced by their central presence in the public sphere. By contrast, particular political views that are regularly marginalised from the media (like environmental issues), weaken the credibility of the parties championing them (like the Greens). Some scholars suggest that the current commercial media system itself is one of the biggest barriers to the rising influence of civic service organisations – whose primary objectives are to create a more egalitarian and ecologically sustainable global economy. The participatory and deliberative models of democracy favoured by the Greens rely heavily on a healthy public sphere for the maintenance of open information flows. Therefore, if society is to make the successful transition to a participatory democratic paradigm, the current media systems will have to change. An alternative media system should aim to catalyse and support the development of a more vibrant public sphere, placing a greater premium on public consensus making and deliberation. This change will require the reversal of current media and political trends, where increasingly political deliberation and participation are losing relevance within modern liberal democratic societies. Green Party documents often acknowledge the power of the media to undermine the expansion of participatory forms of democracy, and the question remains, on how such rhetoric translates into hard policy objectives? This paper sets out toGlobal Greens and the Mass Media answer this question by analysing the contents of Green policy papers from a selection of countries around the world in order to determine their commitment concerning media reform.
This paper focuses on the issue of Climate Change as an emerging area of concern among citizens, governments and policy makers globally. Since anthropogenic factors play an important role in contributing to climate change, it is imperative that attitudinal and behavioral changes among people concerning the environment could play an important role in mitigating the effects of climate change. Communication plays an important role in this regard as it creates awareness that could lead to positive action. The mass media therefore has an important role to play in this regard. This paper discusses the anthropogenic factors leading to climate change, and argues how a change in behavior of people could be a positive intervention in climate change mitigation. It explores the positive role that mass media could play in this regard.
The article is devoted to the characterization of the state, the key features and trends of modern domestic regional mass media. There are determined and specified informational, social, ideological, political and economic objectives of current regional mass media also revealed specific features of regional mass communication.