To many international lawyers and army officers the terms "law of war" and "military necessity" are mutually incompatible. Many army officers consider the law of war as no more than a collection of pious platitudes, valueless, so they think, because it has no force and effect. Some international lawyers regard military necessity as the bête noire of international jurisprudence, destroying all legal restriction and allowinguncontrolled brute force to rage rampant over the battlefield or wherever the military have control.
Exigent circumstances can extinguish or suspend a wide range of legal obligations. They may empower governments to seize property or quarantine individuals. They may excuse the nonperformance of private or public contractual obligations. And, of especial interest here, they may permit governments to deviate from their obligations under treaties or customary international law (CIL).
THE AUTHOR PRESENTS TWO REASONS FOR ECONOMIC CONVERSION PLANNING: FIRST, TO FACILITATE RECONSTRUCTION OF THE DAMAGE OWING TO A PERMANENT WAR ECONOMY; SECOND, TO RELIEVE DISARMAMENT REGUTIATORS OF THE FEAR THAT A REVERSAL OF THE ARMS RACE CARRIES UNACCEPTABLE ECONOMIC PENALTIES. TO THESE ENDS, ECONOMIC CONVERSION LAW IS REQUIRED BECAUSE MAJOR BARRIERS MUST BE OVERCOME TO SET IN MOTION THE NECESSARY PLANNING PROCESS FOR RELIABLE ECONOMIC PENALTIES. THE AUTHOR DESCRIBES TEN MAJOR COMPONENTS OF LAW FOR FACILITATING ECONOMIC CONVERSION PLANNING AND OPERATIONS.