For some time, the growing stature of political science as an independent social science has been a notable feature in American universities. Yet, up to the present time, the categories of this new field of scientific endeavor have not found their way into the indexing departments of libraries, nor have they been recognized by indexers of other collections. Even the editors of encyclopedias, people of great learning and ability, have omitted some of the most significant topics of political science, because of the lack of any accepted index indicating the range of the field and focusing attention upon its primary categories. The American Political Science Review itself is confronted with the problem of a suitable subject-index. The growing complexity of all kinds of materials bearing upon the work of political scientists, and more particularly the increasing mass of public documents, has become more and more baffling. Even the skillful indexers of the Congressional Record, for example, seem unaware of the major topics of interest for political science, and thus no sign-posts of the usual kind have been made available to workers in our field.
A new election approach has been tried out: not an electorate motivation study, but the analysis of how the general elections are a process of power achievement in the pol'al system. The method is qualitative & quantitative: (1) delimiting the diff moments of power distribution; (2) proving that these diff moments are effectively power distributing; & (3) determining the amount of power distribution in each moment. For the Belgian case study, the data are provided by participant observation, exploration of electoral statistics, & 3 ET's (mixed type, by mail, N=100, N=70, N=1,716). There are 5 effective moments in the power distribution by the Belgian general elections: the composition of the lists of candidates, the electoral figure, the electoral behavior, the motivation of the vote, the 'vote to seats transformal calculations.' As the Belgian electorate does not use all the power that it can, a question mark has been put to the antithesis of herrschende Klasse (Rc) & beherrschte Klasse (ruled class), to the 'rulers' & the 'onlyvoters' (Dahrendorf & Lange). By not choosing from the candidates, a possibility the electorate has, the voters give more power to the oligarchic composers of the lists. The voters are only co-actors in the electoral process. Their power is limited to the division of the seats among the several parties. AA.
There have been a number of attempts in recent years to define the subject-matter of political science and to provide a theoretical framework within which the discipline may be expected to develop. Among these, the work of David Easton occupies a leading place.1 This article discusses how successful Easton has been in adumbrating a general theory embracing the discipline. It then offers a rather looser and less ambitious framework within which the theories collectively called 'political science' may be placed and their interrelationships perceived.
Is the peer-review process at academic journals gendered? The answer to this question has important implications for the advancement of women in the political science profession. However, few studies have had access to data that can evaluate whether the peer-review process is gendered. We investigate this for papers submitted to the American Political Science Review across two editorial teams to identify trends over time. We evaluate overall differences across gender, but we also present more fine-grained data to evaluate gender differences across subfield, methodology, and submitting author's institutional affiliation and academic rank. Furthermore, we show that prior service as a reviewer is associated with a higher acceptance rate for first-time submitters. We demonstrate that the review process is not gendered. Women's share of submissions and acceptances has risen but remains lower than their presence in the discipline.