This article reviews the ideas and motives of modern terrorism, discloses the concept of destructive human behavior, the analysis of the socio-cultural situation at the beginning of the XXI century and revealed disturbing factors intensify nationalist and religious terrorism as the most dangerous form of terrorism.
The paper is devoted to the interaction between science and religion in the theory of famous british philosopher of science Michael Polanyi. There is an analysis of relations between scientific and religious beliefs. According to Polanyi the religious cult provides a man with euristic vision of reality. Polanyi had a great impact into "untraditional" conception of truth.
The article reveals the essence of the problem of the origin of man from the point of view of science and religion. We consider a variety of theories to explain the religious idea of the creation of man by God, the philosophical concepts that attempt to rationally, without the help of God, the absolute mind or alien, to explain the origin of man.
The article touches upon the problems of achieving international consensus on human rights. For the first time in Belarusian literature the term of "an overlapping consensus" on rights is introduced and discussed. The article goes on to treat in detail the problem of achieving the given consensus by every traditional culture: Christianity (the Atlantist civilization), Islam, Confucianism and Buddhism (the Pacific Rim civilization). Each of them has its own philosophy in the realm of human rights. The article pays significant attention to the discussion of the issue whether legal culture can replace a general civilizational value in the concept of human rights. The article also discusses the features of alternative approaches to human rights protection in the effort to achieve an overlapping consensus on rights. The author concludes with the opinion, that to achieve an overlapping consensus on rights all positive aspects of cultural, philosophical and civilizational norms existing in the East and in the West have to be taken into consideration. Besides, important differences between civilizations ought to be bridged over through lengthy and thorough negotiation process. This failing to take place, the result will be absolute rejection of values of various cultures, philosophies and religions. ; Раздел - "Международные отношения"
В статье дан краткий исторический анализ понятию толерантность. В современном обществе толерантность чаще всего имеет религиозную и духовную направленность. При этом немаловажную роль занимает смещение вектора толерантности в сторону тоталитаризма. Понятие толерантность как свободомыслие и свобододуховность человека подменяется возвеличиванием, абсолютизацией свободы любой индивидуальности, что ведет к отрицанию моральных принципов и в итоге свобода перейдет во вседозволенность.