Immigration may adversely affect political stability if conflict becomes endemic among heterogeneous groups of people living in close proximity due to the process of migration. If so, the governments could respond by preventive militarisation. The results from two-stage-least squares estimation indicate that higher immigrant share significantly reduces political stability. In addition, higher immigrant share leads to increased government military spending through the channel of political stability. The negative effect of immigrant share on political stability is stronger in places with assimilative citizenship laws. Therefore, the resulting military spending is higher in those places.
"Today's world is scorched with civil strifes, political insurgencies, organised crime, injustice, want, and above all international tension and terrorism. The spate of mass killings, liquidations, arrests, persecutions and tortures is appalling. The plight of man everywhere is in fact chaotic. At issue are the old and basic questions of relations of production, socio-economic, socio-political, cultural and international relationships. These problems together constitute a potential source for the destruction of mankind. This book is concerned with the above issues, with special reference to the Nigerian question." (aus dem Vorwort)
FEW EXTENDED ANALYSIS OF THE CONCEPT OF POLITICAL STABILITY HAVE BEEN PUBLISHED, MUCH OF THE LITERATURE CONCENTRATING ON AN ANALYSIS OF ITS CAUSES. THIS ARTICLE DISCUSSES THE MAIN APPROACHES TO STABILITY AND EXAMINES TWO RECENT CONCEPTUALIZATIONS BY AKE AND BY SANDERS. IT IS ARGUED THAT BOTH ARE UNSATISFACTORY, AND AN ALTERNATIVE DEFINITION IS DEVELOPED, STARTING FROM FIRST PRINCIPLES. THE PROBLEMS OF IDENTITY AND CHANGE ARE EXAMINED, AND WHAT COUNTS AS THE SURVIVAL OF A POLITICAL OBJECT IS SPECIFIED. A STABLE POLITICAL OBJECT IN DEFINED AS ONE THAT POSSESSES THE CAPACITY TO PREVENT ITS OWN FORCED NON-SURVIVAL. IT IS ARGUED THAT STABILITY CANNOT BE QUANTIFIED AND THAT THERE ARE THUS NO DEGREES OF STABILITY.
Since independence from GB, Kenya has experienced a political stability often attributed to the charismatic leaderhip of President Kenyatta. Challenged are accepted interpretations of Kenyatta's political role, focusing on Kenya's internal political structure as the source of stability. Three aspects of Kenyan "regime-building" are examined: (1) the establishment of an African security force within already existing structures of the British colonial military system, (2) a concentration of power within the State, giving the president considerable discretionary authority to change & overturn acts of parliament, & (3) successful neutralization of opposition party politics & trade-union development. Although the majority of Kenya's population consists of the rural poor, the capitalist upper classes & middle classes enjoy considerable government encouragement & support, & hence, have a vested interest in maintaining the present system. This government & bourgeoisie alliance, coupled with a fairly sensitive responsiveness to rural needs, has successfully stalled large-scale organization by the masses. Principal threats to Kenyan stability rest with a sudden shift in economic power & distribution, or pressures of international relations, rather than with the succession of presidential leadership. P. Hoye