EUROPE'S POLITICAL EMANCIPATION FROM THE PARALYSIS OF THE COLD WAR CAN BE TRACED TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE ORGANIZATION FOR SECURITY AND COOPERATION IN EUROPE (OSCE), FORMERLY THE CONFERENCE ON SECURITY AND COOPERATION IN EUROPE (CSCE). THE OSCE HAS EMERGED AS AN INTERGOVERNMENTAL DIPLOMATIC CONFERENCE, WITH ROOTS IN THE BLOC-TO-BLOC DIVIDED EUROPE OF THE COLD WAR. THE DEMOCRACY MOVEMENTS OF EASTERN EUROPE HAVE RECEIVED POLITICAL INSPIRATION AND LEGITIMACY FROM THE OSCE. NOW THE OSCE IS TRYING TO STRENGTHEN ITS TIES WITH NONGOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS (NGO'S) BECAUSE THE OSCE RECOGNIZES THE CENTRAL ROLE NGO'S PLAY IN A VITAL DEMOCRATIC SOCIETY.
Provides a survey of the principal items on the agenda following the end of the Cold War, focusing upon the institutions and regions where the reconsideration of security issues has been particularly profound. The book is organised into three main sections: the first examines the changed roles of the main security institutions which have survived the Cold War; NATO, the European Union/Western European Union and the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe. The second analyses the Central European countries, Russia and States of the former Soviet Union in terms of their ideologies, political structures and relationships of the Cold War period. Lastly the text examines the northern and southern regions of Europe where quite different perspectives and agendas are concerned.
When the Cold War ended, permanent peace based on close interdependence and strong institutions appeared within reach in Europe. What had been achieved by the mid-1990s fell short of this internationalist vision. The question raised in this article is to what extent the realization of the vision was inhibited by nationalist concerns often ascribed to governments and peoples alike. The conclusion is that nationalist concerns not only hindered but also helped to promote change in the direction advocated by internationalists. `Nationalist internationalism' may be as significant as `deliberate internationalism' in world politics.