Discusses the impact of globalization on cultural property & communication. The damaging effects of commodification on cultural production are described, & a new model of property & symbolic goods is offered with the objective of securing cultural producers' autonomy & bolstering their community & communicative relationships. K. Coddon
In this article, the work is considered from the standpoint of the theory of property rights. Determined methodological basis of property rights theory. Work is analyzed as an economic phenomenon. Expands the property system of the organization. We present intra-structure contracts. Intercompany property system is specified in respect of employment as a property of the object. We give the concept of labor in terms of property rights.
Genomics has developed at a time when science has become increasingly connected with the market. There are, within the domain of genomics, models for the production and distribution of common and/or public goods. Studies these models and suggests solutions which could allow a better balance among private property, collective property, and public property. (Original abstract - amended)
Genomics has developed at a time when science has become increasingly connected with the market. The result has been a strong trend toward privatization of genetic resources & genetic knowledge, marked by the patenting of thousands of genetic sequences, the proliferation of databases protected by commercial confidentiality, & the signing of exclusive access contracts concerning populations' genetic & medical data. The granting of excessively broad patents, covering both a gene's uses & the gene itself, is liable to slow the pace of research & to encourage the emergence of monopolies in the domain of health. This trend toward privatization is neither one-way, however, nor entirely settled. There are, within the domain of genomics, models for the production & distribution of common &/or public goods. The paper studies these models & suggests solutions that could allow a better balance among private property, collective property, & public property. 17 References. Adapted from the source document.
Introduction; property, power, and gender relations / Renée Hirschon -- Cognatic descent, Islamic law, and women's property on the East African coast / Patricia Caplan -- The exchange of women and property / Elisabeth Croll -- Dowry in North India -- Ursula Sharma -- Female power and the inequality of wealth and motherhood in North-western Portugal João de Pina-Cabral -- The legal and social transformation of rural women in Aegean Turkey / June Starr -- Divorce and the disadvantaged / Sandra Burman -- "Fear woman" / Sallie Westwood -- Subject or object? / Marilyn Strathern -- Men and women, kinship and property / Ann Whitehead
Considers whether the traditional rights accorded tangible property apply also to intellectual property, asserting that philosophical, legal, economic, & political bases for protecting these kinds of property differ significantly enough that equating the two forms of property is problematic. References. Adapted from the source document.
Paper is devoted to questions of the specification of intrafirm attitudes of the property. The nature of the property of the organization reveals. The mechanism of the specification of the property rights in firm is defined. It is analyzed criteria of efficiency of the specification of the property rights.