An argument is made against the conventional viewpoint that the natural sciences are void of all subjectivity, bias, & personal or political moral values. Using the "emancipatory sciences" of feminism, antiracism, & class struggles, common assumptions are presented that demonstrate the problems involved in eliminating social biases from research techniques. These emancipatory sciences usually either: (1) ignore the other's concerns; (2) define the other's concerns as a causal outcome of one's own concerns; or (3) include, only incidentally, the concerns of the others into one's own concerns. It is imperative that the relationships among gender, race, & class become more cohesive. The class problem, eg, should be recognized as manifesting itself in different forms depending on the race & gender of those involved. 19 References. R. Logsdon
What effect has the study of gender had on political science? Compared to other branches of the social sciences, political science has been among the most resistant to feminist analysis. Political science scholarship generally is divided into four main subfields: political theory, American politics, comparative politics, & international relations. There are great disparities between these areas in the types & amount of gender scholarship that has been done. While feminist theory has become an accepted part of political theory, it has had a more limited impact in the other areas. Furthermore, where gender scholarship has appeared, it is often guided by intellections. Focusing on current major themes & significant works in the discipline, this article explores the differences in gender scholarship between subfields. 29 References. Adapted from the source document.
We seek to provide an overview of the relationship between the English-language study of Taiwan & the social science disciplines, focusing primarily on political science, yet touching also on sociology, developmental studies, & economics. We identify three main periods in the evolution of Taiwan studies: (1) that from the end of WWII to the late 1970s saw the marginalization of Taiwan studies vis-a-vis China studies; (2) that of the early 1980s to the late 1990s, when, due to Taiwan's rising economic strength & democratic transition, Taiwan studies began to rise to fame, to become well-integrated with the social sciences: & (3) that since 2000, with Taiwan studies now facing both challenges & opportunities as it tries to remain integrated with the social sciences. We close with a comparison of the different research environments in both the US & Taiwan, discuss their respective roles in influencing the overall development of Taiwan studies, & suggest ways in which the social science research conducted in these two major venues for Taiwan research can be integrated more closely. 125 References. Adapted from the source document.
This report is concerned with the contribution of political science to the instructional needs of those who are preparing to teach, and of those now teaching, the social studies in elementary and secondary schools. How can political scientists in colleges and universities maximize the contribution which they, as specialists in one large field of human knowledge, can make to enrich the teaching of the social studies? Before offering suggestions which, if applied generally, should provide at least a partial answer to the question, the Committee on the Social Studies states two assumptions. First, most political scientists can do more than they have done in the past. Second, reverse lend-lease is anticipated. Political scientists have much to learn from teachers of the social studies as to what methods are effective in enabling youth to learn the ways of democracy and what types of material are most useful in the learning process. The recommendations in this report are presented in the hope that coöperation between the two groups will become more extensive and regular. The recommendations are divided into four classes, according to the incidence of responsibility for carrying them into effect.
The antifoundational critique in the social sciences & certain elements of contemporary feminist theory exhibit striking similarities. Both movements attack the rationalist epistemology of the Enlightenment &, specifically, the two central dualisms on which that epistemology rests: rational/irrational & subject/object. Feminists point out that these dualisms are derivative of the fundamental male/female dualism. An antifoundational feminist position would entail the transcendence of these dualisms that characterize Enlightenment thought & have defined the feminine as inferior. Despite the differences between some aspects of contemporary feminism, the creation of an antifoundational feminist position would represent an important addition to the contemporary debate. 38 References. HA