S. Freud's psychological theory implies a theory of society, which Freud later explicitly developed. The psychoanalytic therapy developed by Freud is actually equivalent to the critical theory of socialization, which focuses on the dialectic of assimilation & alienation. Freud's culture & society theory may be considered critical, since it refers to institutions on the basis of the problems that they cause for individuals. Class systems are able to function due to an acculturation process that block an individual's drives by cultural ideals. Thus, large groups may be dominated by smaller, elite groups. This crisis can only be removed by replacing a religious social morality with a rationalistic social morality. Psychoanalysis actually works against false awareness & illusion & attacks the status quo -- which then merges the therapy into a critique of socially necessary illusions. M. Migalski.
The Body and Social Theory provides a clear, critical analysis of the new sociological literature on the body and an introduction to the most important traditions of thought that have informed social theories of human embodiment.
"Nature", "environment" and social theory -- The role of the environment historically within social theory -- The uses of "nature" and the nonhuman world in social theory : pre-enlightenment and enlightenment accounts -- Twentieth-century social theory and the nonhuman world -- Right-wing reactions to the environment and environmental politics -- Left-wing reactions to the environment and environmental politics -- Gender, the nonhuman world and social thought -- The environment and economic thought -- Risk, environment and postmodernism -- Ecology, biology and social theory -- Greening social theory