This article aimed to describe the socio-political conditions after the Bongaya Treaty of 1667. This study employed the historical research method (library research). The researcher applied several approaches, namely the historical approach, religious approach, anthropological approach, and sociological approach. The Makassar War is a momentum for change from all aspects, not only changes from the political aspect but also the social, cultural and economic aspects that greatly tormented the people of Gowa. As a King, Sultan Hasanudin was responsible for the fate of the royal people of Gowa, which was getting sad. Sultan Hasanudin had to consider this even though he wanted to continue to fight. Sultan Hasanudin really understood the suffering of the people of the Kingdom of Gowa. Due to these considerations, the war lasted approximately four years, starting from 1666-1669 and ending with the Bungaya Treaty, which consisted of 30 articles. The treaty affected all aspects of Gowa community life, not only in terms of political factors but also the existence of Muslims. Since then, the power and influence of the Netherlands in East Indonesia began to be embedded towards serious colonialism. Sultan Hasanuddin, who dashed to defend his country until the last second has controlled the Kingdom of Gowa for 16 years; namely 1653-1669 and died in Gowa on June 12, 1670.
This paper investigates the association of religiosity and trust to community participation or volunteering in development. Social trust is measured in several indicators, is an important aspect of development process, since social trust related to many development outcomes, such as growth, democratic stability as well as subjective well- being. In economic terms, when people trust each other, transaction cost can be reduced, organization can perform better, government policy could stimulate output faster, and many more. Utilizing Indonesia Family Life Survey (IFLS) wave 2014 this study finds the following results. Firstly, social trust closely associated with individual characteristics. Maturity, better educational and income level improve individual trust and individual participation in community activities. Secondly, individual subjective report about religiosity strongly associated with willingness to participate in various community activities. Policy relevant with this finding it is important to promote tolerance and religiosity, as these aspects can improve social trust. Social trust closely associates with more participation in community activities for accumulating public services and public goods. As more public services and public goods are available, nationally better welfare can be promoted.
This study aims: 1) to know the aspects that can be developed as a natural tourist attraction in Sanrobengi Island. 2) to know the public perception of the development of natural attractions in Sanrobengi Island. 3) to know the prospect of developing natural attractions in Sanrobengi Island. Objects in this study are tourists and the public. The data presented in the form of primary data taken from the questionnaire "Prospect of Sanrobengi Island Tourism Object Development in Boddia Village Galesong District Takalar District". Informant retrieval was taken using accidental sampling technique and purposive sampling technique. Data analysis used is qualitative descriptive analysis and SWOT analysis.The results show that the appropriate development strategy in the development of Sanrobengi Island as a natural tourist attraction is a strategy of Strength - Opportunities. The conclusions obtained include: physical aspect and social aspects strongly support the development of Sanrobengi Takalar Island as a natural tourist attraction. Public and tourist perceptions of natural attractions that agree to do more development. The development strategy that can be done include developing interest tourism, enhancing cooperation between central and local government, making promotion through website, banner, and billboards, local people's role in developing tourist object such as boat service utilization as well as maintaining and maintaining coral reef habitat environment.
Many fishermen in Indonesia have not fully utilized marine resources properly. However, the government has several ways to improve the welfare of fishermen in other sectors than the fisheries; one of them is connecting between fishermen, coastal and tourism. Meninting of West Lombok is a strategic coastal village for the tourism sector. This village has started to develop tourist destinations since 2011, unfortunately, there is no data on fishermen as a real interest group. This study develops a research pattern on fishing communities which generally discusses the social resources of fishermen and the political aspects of fishing communities separately. This study used a qualitative approach to the social mapping method. Data obtained through interviews and observations of purposively selected informants. The data related to fishermen resources are in maps, followed by an analysis of their accessibility to policy. Spatial aspects strengthen their social resources, interests, and accessibilities to coastal tourism development. The results show that the social resources of fishermen of Meninting Village are unevenly distributed in five dusun (sub-villages). Indicators shown are; capital ownership, mastery of knowledge and skills, ownership of production equipment, use of science and technology, ability to diversify production, fishermen's sociopolitical relations and ability to recognize the economic prospects of coastal tourism. Fishermen who live in areas directly facing the sea have better social resources and firmer interests in coastal development. The accessibility of fishing groups is limited in the development policy. Only fishermen in sub-village located in a coastal area can show themselves as defenders. While the fishermen who live far from the beach tend to be latent or even apathetic. This study recommends the need for other social mapping studies on the characteristics of coastal communities and the need for the government to use the social mapping information of fishing communities to formulate policies that contain regional aspects in coastal tourism development. ; Nelayan belum menikmati dengan baik kesejahteraan dari sumber daya laut Indonesia. Cara-cara meningkatkan kesejahteraan nelayan di luar sektor perikanan sudah dimiliki oleh pemerintah. Salah satunya mengaitkan nelayan, pesisir dan wisata. Meninting di Lombok Barat adalah desa pesisir yang strategis di sektor pariwisata. Desa ini sudah mulai melakukan pengembangan destinasi wisata sejak tahun 2011, namun sayangnya tidak ada data mengenai nelayan sebagai kelompok kepentingan yang riil. Penelitian ini mengembangkan pola penelitian-penelitian tentang masyarakat nelayan pada umumnya yang membahas secara terpisah antara sumberdaya sosial nelayan dan aspek politik masyarakat nelayan. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dengan menggunakan metode pemetaan sosial. Data diperoleh melalui wawancara dan observasi terhadap informan yang dipilih secara purposif. Data terkait dengan sumber daya nelayan disajikan dalam bentuk peta, diikuti dengan analisis mengenai aksesibilitas mereka terhadap kebijakan. Aspek spasial memperkuat sumberdaya sosial yang dimiliki nelayan, kepentingan dan aksesibilitas mereka terhadap pembangunan wisata pesisir. Penelitian menunjukkan sumber daya sosial nelayan di Desa Meninting tersebar tidak merata pada lima dusun. Indikator yang ditunjukkan adalah; kepemilikan modal, penguasaan pengetahuan dan keterampilan, kepemilikan alat produksi, penggunaan ilmu pengetahuan dan teknologi, kemampuan diversifikasi hasil produksi, hubungan sosial-politik nelayan dan kemampuan untuk mengenali prospek ekonomi wisata pesisir. Nelayan yang tinggal di wilayah yang langsung berhadapan dengan laut memiliki sumberdaya sosial yang lebih baik dan kepentingan yang lebih tegas terhadap pembangunan pesisir. Aksesibilitas kelompok nelayan terbatas dalam kebijakan pembangunan tersebut. Hanya nelayan-nelayan di dusun pesisir yang mampu menunjukkan diri sebagai defenders. Sementara nelayan-nelayan yang tinggal berjauhan dari pantai cenderung latents atau bahkan apathetic. Penelitian ini merekomendasikan perlunya kajian sosio-spasial lainnya mengenai karakteristik masyarakat pesisir dan perlunya pemerintah memanfaatkan informasi sosio-spasial masyarakat nelayan untuk merumuskan kebijakan-kebijakan yang memuat aspek kewilayahan dalam pembangunan wisata pesisir.
This study aims to determine the implementation of the policy of an integrative child social welfare center in Jombang Regency. The research method used is a qualitative descriptive method using George Charles Edward's theory of policy implementation, which consists of several variables that affect the success of a policy implementation, including communication, resource sources, disposition, and the structure of the brokerage. The result that Dieh found in this research is that the implementation is less than optimal. In the aspect of communication, socialization has not been carried out to the community and the communication that has been carried out has not been optimally carried out to internal implementers. In the aspect of resources, it was found that there was a lack of staff resources. In the aspect of disposition, it was found that the understanding of implementers regarding policies was not the same. And in the aspect of the bureaucratic structure, it was found that the Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) has not been resolved as a policy implementation guideline.
Optimizing the area of oil palm plantations can be approached through the Cow and Palm Oil Integration System (SISKA), to increase efficiency and productivity through the integration of the plantation sub-sector with the livestock sub-sector. This study aimed to analyze the role of farmer groups and the institutional aspects of these groups in supporting the SISKA program in Pelalawan District. The approach used in this study was the institutional theory of Syahyuti. The role of farmer groups (as learning classes, production units and vehicles for collaboration) and institutional aspects of farmer groups (aspects of values, norms and behavior) were analyzed using Likert scale. The relationship between the roles and institutional aspects of the farmer groups was analyzed by Spearman Correlation test. The overall role of the farmer group is in the good category with a score of 3.49, most of the members (69.60%) answered in the fairly good and good category. The overall institutional aspects based on values, norms and behavior in the SISKA farmer group are in the good category with a score of 4.05. Correlation on sub-variable values, norms and behavior towards the role of farmers as units of production is a strong direct correlation. This shows that values, norms and behavior in groups affect, encourage and enhance the role of groups as learning classes that support the level of knowledge of farmers and the role of farmer groups as production unit.
One of the most popular video game genre nowadays is Multiplayer Online Battle Arena (MOBA). This genre has become the one genre to go in a multiplayer and competitive setting. This study aims to answer what makes this genre become so popular compared to another genre. The quantitative approach was used to gather a consensus of respondents that will give insight to the population's condition. By using Both DeLone & McLean and UTAUT2 model, it was found that the factors that influence MOBA popularity are Information Quality, Service Quality, Habit, Hedonic Motivation and Social Motivation. These findings show that MOBA usage are still very much influenced by social factor rather than mechanic aspect of video game. Index Terms—MOBA; DeLone & McLean; UTAUT2 ; One of the most popular video game genre nowadays is Multiplayer Online Battle Arena (MOBA). This genre has become the one genre to go in a multiplayer and competitive setting. This study aims to answer what makes this genre become so popular compared to another genre. The quantitative approach was used to gather a consensus of respondents that will give insight to the population's condition. By using Both DeLone & McLean and UTAUT2 model, it was found that the factors that influence MOBA popularity are Information Quality, Service Quality, Habit, Hedonic Motivation and Social Motivation. These findings show that MOBA usage are still very much influenced by social factor rather than mechanic aspect of video game. Index Terms—MOBA; DeLone & McLean; UTAUT2
The Indonesian government launched a new people's business credit program as part of a package of economic policy and deregulation. The interest rate is set lower than the average of the current loan interest rates, especially when compared with rural bank interest rates. To capture the social spatial aspects, quota sampling is applied to ten areas that divided based on the social culture. Further, the method utilized in this research is logit models, which designed to analyse the determinants of asymmetric information particularly on the rural bank and small micro enterprises. The study was conducted in East Java as the province with the largest number of rural banks in Indonesia. Based on the estimation of asymmetric information model to the respondent of rural banks and small businesses, the result shows that adverse selection can be avoided by strengthening the information about prospective borrowers. Regarding moral hazard, rural banks and small businessmen argued that the imposition of the collateral to the debtor has an important role to avoid moral hazard. Rural bank respondents stated that the KUR program with low-interest rates has affected their business development. The results implied the need of broadening the collaboration schemes between this people's business credit program and rural banks.
Stereotype concerning gender role has attached on society. Paradigm which views the label differential between female and male characteristics is affected by many factors. Biological, social standpoints, theories of gender psychoanalytical, social cognitive and scheme have concealed influential factors based on its own perspectives. Education based on gender has been one of the programs for government therefore gender bias will be able to be eliminated and the awareness of it will be augmented on many education aspects, for teachers in classes and parents as well. There are many alternative solutions for parents and teachers to be able to encourage learners in having awareness therefore gender bias might be abbreviated.
The stereotype that women are categorized as the second human in all aspects of life it was time to be removed. The role of women is now considered to be very strategic in determining all legal policy, politics, social life of the nation. Corruption as a result of manipulation of the public on the budget authority in a system regarded as a chronic disease that must be healed until the roots. This is where the role of women is very significant that the quality of education needs to empower them so that they can work together to build a culture of anti-corruption
The low HDI in Pandalungan is a government-focused development priority, especially in the healthcare sector. The attempts to break the COVID-19 chain must be made to improve the quality of government services in the region. In optimizing the activities, the sub-district leaders play a significant role. There is an appeal to the sub-district leaders to enforce social distance since there is no face-to-face meeting with the appliance assigned. The Camat (a sub-district head) needs to adjust to this situation, so the Camat uses new media to perform his tasks. The COVID-19 pandemic affects several aspects of life, including the style of leadership. Digital leadership has become a model of leadership that is successful during the time of the COVID-19 pandemic. The current study, based on those evaluations, is aimed at assessing the impact of digital leadership on the performance of public services by the sub-district chief Pandalungan. To meet the goal of the study, a qualitative approach is applied. It can be concluded that transformational leadership is oriented towards the organization's vision and goals, which are outlined in action.
This study aims to identify and analyze the influence of the party's identity, persona values, and demographic characteristics on voting behavior in Kerinci. The population was Kerinci community numbering 250 people. This study used accidental sampling technique. Data analysis using SPSS version 17 software assistance. The results of this study were 1) Identity of party influence on voting behavior in Kerinci district identity meaning the party for voting behavior in Kerinci district is able to influence the attitude of the people in making decisions in choosing a political party. 2) Value Prominent significant effect on voter behavior in Kerinci district means the value of the figure of a person greatly influenced the relationship between attitudes and behavior, and is also the basis to conform to social values prevailing in society as a voter. 3) Aspects of Demographic Characteristics (age, education level, income level and gender) was also significantly influence voting behavior in Kerinci. This means that there are differences in the demographic karakeristik Kerinci affect voting behavior. Keywords: Party Identity, Value Prominent, Aspect Demographics Characteristics,BehaviorVoters
This study aimed at assessing the efficiency of zakat organizations in Indonesia by the use of non-parametric efficiency measurement methods. In addition, a cluster analysis based on the affiliation type was also used to assess the efficiency of Zakat organizations. A quantitative approach with the DEA and FDH methods was applied to this research, during which the latest data from the financial reports of each Zakat Institution have been utilized. This period ranges from 2014 to 2018 for the 14 Zakat Institutions. Based on the results, Zakat Institutions have equal efficiency between DEA and FDH methods if the clusters of government, corporation, and social community are combined. Research data on measuring efficiency show that the DEA method contributes 21% of all Decision-Making Units (DMU) to the total, while the FDH method contributes 25%. The research is one of the first studies to focus on the efficiency of the Zakat Institutions and its associated clusters: government, corporation, and social community. This research can be useful for Zakat Institutions in the form of critical application evaluation considering the research input variables, such as salaries, operational costs, and cost of socialization, and research output variables, for example zakat fund, zakat distribution taking maqasid sharia aspects into consideration.
Undang-Undang No. l Tahun 1974 In people's lives there is still a frequent way of marriage which is a violation of Law , especially article 2 paragraph 2, namely: "Each marriage is recorded according to the applicable laws and regulations". The definition of violation in the law, known as siri marriage. In this case the law must be understood as a set of rules governing, controlling society. Law in this sense is not part of the community system, but control of the community system. Law in this sense is not part of the community system, but control of the community system. According to Gustav Radbruch law must contain three basic values, namely: 1. Value of justice (philosophical aspect). The validity of the law is justified on the basis of human philosophical beliefs. 2. Value of certainty (juridical aspect). The law is enforced because it is determined by the state (gemeenschap), namely by the government and the people's representative council. 3. Value of benefits (sociological aspects). The validity of the law is due to social reality (society as a whole). In a sociological and philosophical view, siri marriage is relatively acceptable to the community, but judicially cannot be justified because it will have an impact on the low legal awareness of the community. Marriage recording does not determine the validity of a marriage, but only states that the marriage event actually happened, so it is merely administrative. Thus, the marriage is legitimate because it is carried out in accordance with religious law but has a weakness, namely the absence of a recording as referred to in article 2 paragraph 2 of Undang-Undang No. l Tahun 1974 . In reality the registration of marriages brought more good than bad in living in a society, so carrying out the registration of the marriage would be in line and not in conflict with religious norms
Abstract COVID – 19 is an unprecedented occasion that forces every state to adapt to the current changes in the dynamics of international relations. The impacts that are given by the Pandemic are not only on the health aspects, but also give the spillover effects to some aspects, such as economy and social, as the result of the closed-border policy and the restrictions policy on trading. By that means, the holistic and comprehensive approaches are needed to tackle the pandemic. Furthermore, Global Health Diplomacy is considered as one of the instruments or means to tackle the impacts of it. Notwithstanding, there are some states which implement the Me First Policy, especially at the beginning of the Pandemic. This paper examines Indonesia Foreign Policy through Global Health Diplomacy during COVID – 19 and to analyses the characteristics of the policy, either cooperative or competitive. This paper uses the concept of Global Health Diplomacy by Kickbusch and Told on 21st Century Health Diplomacy: A New Relationship between Foreign Policy and Health, Global Health Diplomacy: The Need for New Perspectives, Strategic Approaches and Skills in Global Health, by Kickbusch, Ilona; Silberschmidt, Gaudenz; Buss, Paulo and the concept of Global Health Diplomacy by Khazatzadeh-Mahani, A., Ruckert, A., & LabontÉ, R Through its Global Health Diplomacy, Indonesia is aiming to implement the policy which are based on the solidarity and cooperativeness. Keywords: COVID – 19, Global Health Diplomacy, Indonesia, Cooperative, Competitive