For centuries, women have been struggling for the recognition of their rights. Women's rights are still being dismissed by United Nations (UN) human rights bodies and even governments, despite the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948 prohibiting discrimination on the basis of sex. It was not until the 1993 UN World Conference on Human Rights in Vienna, Austria that states began to recognize women's rights as human rights. However, this institutional change cannot solely be credited to the UN, but more importantly to the work of international women's organizations. According to the social movement theory, these organizations have been permeating intergovernmental structures and, with the help of their constituents and experienced leaders, framing women's rights as human rights in different ways throughout time. It is through mobilizing resources and seizing political opportunities that women's rights activists rationalize how discrimination and exclusion resulted from gendered traditions, and that societal change is crucial in accepting women's rights as fully human. But seeing as there are still oppositions to the issue of women's rights as human rights, further research still needs to be conducted. Some possible venues for research include how well women's rights as human rights travel across different institutions, violence against women, how and in what way women's rights enhance human rights, and the changes that have taken place in mainstream human rights and specialized women's rights institutions since the late 1980s as well as their impact.