High inequality in incomes and assets and persistent poverty continue to plague Latin America and remain a central economic policy challenge for Latin American policymakers. At the same time, dramatically improved methods and data allow researchers to analyze these problems and how they are affected by economic policy. In this book, experts on Latin American economic affairs use these new approaches to examine the dynamics of poverty and inequality in Latin America and the ability of policy to address them. - Contributors first analyze the historical evolution of inequality in Latin America, examining such topics as the origins of inequality in colonial land distribution, the impact of educational opportunities on earnings inequality in Brazil, and racial discrimination in Brazil's labor market. Contributors then use sophisticated panel data techniques to analyze the regional dynamics of poverty and inequality in Peru and Brazil, considering whether there are spatial poverty traps and, if so, what determines such traps. Finally, contributors use innovative impact evaluation and modeling techniques to examine specific policy issues: devaluation and dollarization in Bolivia, the Oportunidades conditional cash transfer program in rural Mexico, and the distributional effect of Brazil's tax-benefit system.
Centers on the consequence of the reforms implemented in Latin America and the Caribbean in the last two decades. Trade and financial liberalization and the privatization of production activities have radically altered the rules of the game governing labor and business. The macroeconomic policy changes that accompanied or preceded the reforms sometimes strengthened the latter 's specific objectives, especially the growth of exports, but on other occasions they had the opposite effect. That combination of factors prompted the emergence of new market structures and transformations in microeconomic behavior. This book is part of a project carried out by ECLAC, in conjunction with researchers from nine countries (Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Jamaica, Mexico and Peru), to study the impact of the reforms. Income distribution in the region is the most unequal in the entire world, a situation that has been true for as long as the statistics have been kept. This publication identifies three contributing factors that help explain Latin America 's high level of inequality.
The collection consists of the records of the United Textile Workers of America from 1936-1995. This collection contains documentation about the local unions in the UTWA, both in the United States and Canada. Information on mergers, strikes, finances and conventions is included in these papers. These records were from the UTWA, Southern Region. ; The collection consists of the records of the United Textile Workers of America from 1936-1995. This collection contains documentation about the local unions in the UTWA, both in the United States and Canada. Information on mergers, strikes, finances and conventions is included in these papers. These records were from the UTWA, Southern Region. ; The United Textile Workers of America was chartered in 1901 as an affiliate of the American Federation of Labor. It was a charter member of the Committee for Industrial Organizations (CIO) in 1935, and in 1937 also was one of the founding unions of the Congress of Industrial Organizations. Once in the CIO in 1937, the UTWA was renamed the Textile Workers Organizing Committee and then the Textile Workers Union of America (TWUA). In 1939, a small dissident faction of TWUA sought for and was allowed to re-affiliate with the AFL under their old, UTWA, name. In 1996, UTWA merged with the United Food and Commercial Workers International Union.
The collection consists of the records of the United Textile Workers of America, Southern Region, Area A from 1956-1975. Correspondence (1957-1972) comprises the bulk of the collection. The company files (1957-1967) contain NLRB case material, minutes of negotiation meetings, contract proposals, and financial statements. The collection also includes activity reports, printed material, financial documents, and photographs. ; The Records, 1956-1972, of the Southern Region, Area A, United Textile Workers of America, comprise correspondence, activity reports, financial statements, legal documents, arbitration and National Labor Relations Board cases, contract proposals, photographs, and pamphlets. The considerable correspondence and memoranda of UTWA President George Baldanzi and Secretary Frances Schaufenbil, and Southern Co-Directors Everett Dean and Roy Whitmire, communicate the union's concern with: the condition of the textile industry; interpretations of the Taft-Hartley, Equal Employment Opportunity, and Fair Employment Practices legislation; current N.L.R.B. decisions; jurisdiction claims; determination of bargaining units; lobbying; textile imports and tariffs; suspension and reinstatement of the UTWA by the AFL-CIO, 1957; Labor-Management Reporting & Disclosure Act, 1959; merger discussions with the Textile Workers Union of America; UTWA administrative procedures; and many specific organizing situations, mostly in Tennessee and Kentucky. Activity reports of organizers, and files arranged by local union and company provide an extensive report on UTWA operations. ; The United Textile Workers of America (UTWA) was chartered in 1901 as an affiliate of the American Federation of Labor (AFL). The UTWA became a founding union of the Congress of Industrial Organization (CIO) in 1937. As part of the CIO, the UTWA was renamed the Textile Workers Organizing Committee (TWOC) then the Textile Workers Union of America (TWUA). In 1939, a dissident faction of the TWUA sought for and was allowed to re-affiliate with the AFL under its original name, the United Textile Workers of America
"One of the main findings to have emerged from the debate spearheaded by the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) in recent years is that economic and social development are closely intertwined and should form an active part of any public policy aimed at achieving greater equality. However, social gaps and debt in the region call for efforts to be redoubled to achieve full equal opportunities and universal rights. Although, in the past five years, there have been promising results in terms of poverty reduction and economic growth, Latin America remains the world's most unequal region. This poses challenges not only in terms of monetary income but also from the gender, ethnic and territorial standpoints. In excluded and other groups, these factors tend to lead to precarious employment that does not serve as a vehicle for social mobility and welfare. Furthermore, the working conditions of large sections of the population are a far cry from the normative horizon of decent work and fail to ensure access to social protection mechanisms. The region still has a very long way to go in achieving full realization of rights. In the absence of effective public or private protection channels, this undermines people's sense of belonging and precludes the legitimacy needed for a common project shared by all citizens."
The United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America. Local 2139 (Tallahassee, Fla.) records, 1951-1969, consist primarily of minutes and dues ledgers. ; The United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America. Local 2139 (Tallahassee, Fla.) records, 1951-1969, consist primarily of minutes and dues ledgers. The minutes reveal the local's concern with negotiating wage increases; improving working conditions; sending delegates to conventions; training new members and updating the training of old members; and inviting political candidates and office-holders to address meetings of the local. ; The United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America organized in 1881 as the Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America. Chartered by the AFL in 1887, the Brotherhood merged with the United Order of American Carpenters and Joiners in 1888 to become the United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America.
This collection consists of union documentation regarding the foundation and management of the Amalgamated Clothing and Textile Workers Union Local 185 and its relationship with the Crown Cotton Mill, both of Dalton, Georgia. The collection concerns the operation and management ACTWUA Local 185 from its establishment in the 1940’s through the 1960’s. ; This collection consists of administrative documents, correspondence, minutes, financial records, election results, contracts, bylaws, photographs, reel-to-reel audio of court recordings, and grievances regarding Textile Workers Union of America Local 185 and its relationship with the Crown Cotton Mill of Dalton, Georgia. ; Founded as a Congress of Industrial Organizations Affiliate in 1939, the Textile Workers Union of America (TWUA) merged with the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America in 1976 to form the Amalgamated Clothing and Textile Workers Union. Subsequent mergers led to the union UNITE HERE. TWUA Local 185 is a local branch established in the 1940’s and operating out of Dalton, Georgia.