"The article takes stock of Public Administration (PA) research about the internationalization ('denationalization') of national public administrations by analyzing articles published in the top fifteen PA journals over the last 24 years. Surprisingly few articles focus on the complex interaction between globalization processes and the intensification of multilateral cooperation of national administrations. Disciplinary deficits are identified and options are developed how traditional PA questions may be reframed to meet the challenges posed by intensifying globalization pressures." (author's abstract)
The results of the convention on the future of the European Union confirm and extend the regional dimension of European integration. In connection with this, one can also expect regional mobilizing effects for the new EU member states in Central and Eastern Europe. However, the ambitious demands of the German Lander, which have traditionally taken the lead in this field, were only partly met. Some observers now expect that the enlargement of the Union will strengthen regional tendencies in the EU and could even set off a new dynamic leading in the direction of a "Europe of the regions". However, the preferences expressed by the new members in the convention suggest that this round of enlargement will not increase the pressure on the EU in the field of regional policy. Adapted from the source document.
Transformation Towards a new Public Administration of the Network UtilitiesDuring the 1980s and 1990s privatisation and deregulation movements have been shaken up the European network industries-telecommunication, electricity and railways. These reforms did affect also those parts of the public administrations in charge of managing and controlling the industries. While usually the changes in the relationship 'administration-market' have been the centre of academic attention, this paper attempts to investigate whether the very functions of the public administration themselves have been affected, i.e. altered or even transformed. Goes the emergence of the regulatory state hand in hand with the arrival of a new public administration? Comparing the examples of regulatory reform in the United Kingdom and Germany this paper attempts to provide a first answer.
This article analyses the ‘partnership principle’—which is of particular importance for multilevel governance interpretations of European integration—as it evolved in EU regional policy-making. After sketching the crucial analytical lines of the current debate on ‘partnership’ on the example of the implementation of the EU structural policy in Germany, I examine how it functions. A closer look at two important sub-fields of ‘partnership’—‘societal participation’ and ‘policy evaluation’—reveals that theoretical expectations regarding its transforming potential, in terms of pitting supranational and subnational actors against central state authority and thereby cir-cumventing the latter, have not materialised. On the contrary, recently rising resentment and out and out conflict between the European Commission and regional authorities so far point to theoretically unexpected limitations of ‘partnership’, calling into question whether it is an appro-priate and sustainable inter-administrative co-ordination device—at least when viewed from the perspective of the multilevel governance thesis. In the light of the reported insights into the prac-tice of ‘partnership’, this ‘new mode of EU governance’ thus needs to be reassessed.
The European Commission is the pivotal executive organ of the European Union. As the nucleus of the European polity, it has advanced the cause of European integration over decades, in part extremely successfully. Now, in an expanded Union, signs are appearing that it can no longer generate enough dynamism or aggregate diverging interests sufficiently to successfully promote & implement collective solutions. In the power triangle between the Council, Parliament & Commission, it is the Commission that is increasingly losing in clout & influence. The coming years will prove decisive as to whether the Commission will find its way back to its earlier role of 'policy entrepreneur' in the process of European integration or whether it will henceforth settle into the permanent role of a timorous 'European Agency of Integration' . Adapted from the source document.
"Der Aufsatz analysiert die policyanalytische Literatur zum Konzept der Politikbeendigung (Policy Termination). Die seit der Entwicklung des Konzepts vorgenommenen Revisionen werden ebenso behandelt wie die nach wie vor bestehenden Defizite dieser Forschungsrichtung. Angesichts vermehrter Hinweise auf die in jüngster Zeit steigende Anzahl von Beendigungsphänomenen in westlichen Wohlfahrtsstaaten und insbesondere in Deutschland werden empirische sowie methodisch-konzeptionelle Perspektiven aufgezeigt, wie das Konzept der Politikbeendigung für die aktuelle Policyforschung gerade in theoriebildender Absicht wieder fruchtbar gemacht werden kann." (Autorenreferat)
The emerging treaty establishing a constitution for the European Union offers new possibilities for testing hypotheses. Concerning the role of the German Lander within the European Union, five hypotheses can be deduced from literature. Their explanatory power is measured against empirical data. Growing sub-national interest divergence & effects deriving from the socialisation of sub-national negotiators in the supra-national context can be identified as crucial variables. Moreover, distinguishing sub-national interest aggregation & the projecting of those interests into the European arena helps considerably to assess the explanatory value of the various approaches. A new theory of sub-national entities within the EU can not be delivered. However, the evidence presented here suggests that in order to develop more appropriate theoretical explanations, the clash of socio-economic factors, political interests & the growing knowledge ("learning effect") of the sub-national actors have to receive much more attention than has hitherto been the case. 2 Tables. Adapted from the source document.
"This important collection examines the emerging bureaucratic framework which underpins the European Union and in doing so constitutes a primer on the administrative system of the EU. Drawing on the latest research from the administrative sciences and using organizational, institutional and decision-making theories, this volume highlights that analyzing the patterns and dynamics of the administrative capacities of the EU are essential in understanding how the EU shapes European public policy. Accordingly, this study does not examine administrative capacities not in isolation but rather analyzes them as structures that mobilize systematic bias in the production of public policy. This layout allows the chapters to tackle pressing questions about the nature of the EU's emerging bureaucracy such as to what extent, how and under what conditions do administrative systems change and complement pre-existing public administration systems? Can new administrative systems profoundly transform pre-existing ones? And What are the principled implications of an emergent new European administrative system? "--
Part I. Dismantling debates and analytical approaches. 1. Policy dismantling: an introduction / Andrew Jordan, Christoffer Green-Pedersen, and John Turnpenny -- 2. Understanding policy dismantling: an analytical framework / Michael W. Bauer and Christoph Knill -- Part II. The dynamics of policy dismantling. Active dismantling. 3. Sequences of active policy dismantling? Path dependency in pension reform processes / Sophie Schmitt -- 4. Active dismantling under high institutional constraints? Explaining the Bush administration's attempts to weaken US air pollution control policy / Stefanie Korte and Helge Jörgens -- Dismantling by default. 5. From dismantling by default to arena shifting? Child benefits policy in Spain / Andrea Bianculli, Nicole Jenne, and Jacint Jordana -- 6. Dismantling by default? The indexation of social benefits in four countries / Christoffer Green-Pedersen, Flemming Juul Christiansen, Eva-Maria Euchner, Carsten Jensen, and John Turnpenny -- Dismantling by symbolic action. 7. When the dismantling of an ineffective policy becomes increasingly costly: default strategies, arena shifting, and symbolic action in German waste policy / Dominik Bernauer and Christoph Knill -- 8. From dismantling by default to symbolic dismantling? Water policy in the United Kingdom / Andrew Jordan and John Turnpenny -- Part III. Comparative conclusions. 9. Dismantling public policy: preferences, strategies, and effects / Michael W. Bauer, Andrew Jordan, Christoffer Green-Pedersen, and Adrienne Héritier