Migration history -- The days in Burma: Zhang Dage -- Entangled love: Ae Maew -- Pursuit of ambition: father and son -- Islamic transnationalism: Yunnanese Muslims -- (Transnational) trade -- Venturing into barbarous regions: Yunnanese caravan traders -- Transcending gendered geographies: Yunnanese women traders -- Circulations of the jade trade: the Duans and the Pengs -- Epilogue: from mules to vehicles
This volume explores the life stories of ordinary Burmese by drawing on the narratives of individual subjects and using an array of interdisciplinary approaches. The constituted stories highlight the protagonists' survival strategies in everyday life that demonstrate their constant courage and frustration in dealing with numerous social injustices and adversities.
Introduction: the arc of historical commercial relations between China and Southeast Asia / Wen-Chin Chang and Eric Tagliacozzo -- Chinese on the mining frontier in Southeast Asia / Anthony Reid -- Cotton, copper, and caravans : trade and the transformation of Southwest China / C. Patterson Giersch -- The social life of Chinese labor / Adam McKeown -- Opium as a commodity in the Chinese Nanyang trade / Carl A. Trocki -- The lidai baoan and the Ryukyu maritime tributary trade network with China and Southeast Asia, the fourteenth to seventeenth centuries / Takeshi Hamashita -- Cochinchinese coin casting and circulating in eighteenth-century Southeast Asia / Li Tana -- Import of prosperity : luxurious items imported from China to Siam during the Thonburi and early Rattanakosin periods (1767-1854) / Masuda Erika -- A Sino-Indonesian commodity chain : the trade in tortoiseshell in the late seventeenth and eighteenth centuries / Heather Sutherland -- From Baoshi to Feicui : Qing-Burmese gem trade, c. 1644-1800 / Sun Laichen -- Junks to java : Chinese shipping to the Nanyang in the second half of the eighteenth century / Leonard Bluss -- Chinese books and printing in the early Spanish Philippines / Lucille Chia -- The end of the "age of commerce"? : Javanese cotton trade industry from the seventeenth to the eighteenth centuries / Kwee Hui Kian -- The power of culture and its limits : Taiwanese merchants' Asian commodity flows, 1895-1945 / Lin Man-houng -- Rice trade and Chinese rice millers in the late-nineteenth and early-twentieth centuries : the case of British Malaya / Wu Xiao An -- Tonle sap processed fish: from Khmer subsistence staple to colonial export commodity / Nola Cooke -- Moses' rod: the Bible as a commodity in Southeast Asia and China / Jean DeBernardi -- Market price, labor input, and relation of production in Sarawak's edible birds' nest trade / Bien Chiang -- A Sino-Southeast Asian circuit : ethnohistories of the marine goods trade / Eric Tagliacozzo -- From a Shiji episode to the forbidden jade trade during the socialist regime in Burma / Wen-Chin Chang -- Conflict timber along the China-Burma border : connecting the global timber consumer with violent extraction sites / Kevin Woods
The Yunnanese from southwestern China have for millennia traded throughout upland Southeast Asia. Burma in particular has served as a "back door" to Yunnan, providing a sanctuary for political refugees and economic opportunities for trade explorers. Since the Chinese Communist takeover in 1949 and subsequent political upheavals in China, an unprecedented number of Yunnanese refugees have fled to Burma. Through a personal narrative approach, Beyond Borders is the first ethnography to focus on the migration history and transnational trading experiences of contemporary Yunnanese Chinese migrants (composed of both Yunnanese Han and Muslims) who reside in Burma and those who have moved from Burma and resettled in Thailand, Taiwan, and China.
Chinese merchants have traded with Southeast Asia for centuries, sojourning and sometimes settling, during their voyages. These ventures have taken place by land and by sea, over mountains and across deserts, linking China with vast stretches of Southeast Asia in a broad, mercantile embrace. Chinese Circulations provides an unprecedented overview of this trade, its scope, diversity, and complexity. This collection of twenty groundbreaking essays foregrounds the commodities that have linked China and Southeast Asia over the centuries, including fish, jade, metal, textiles, cotton, rice, opium, timber, books, and edible birds' nests. Human labor, the Bible, and the coins used in regional trade are among the more unexpected commodities considered. In addition to focusing on a certain time period or geographic area, each of the essays explores a particular commodity or class of commodities, following its trajectory from production, through exchange and distribution, to consumption.