"Electoral Systems examines the six principle types of electoral system currently in use in more than seventy of the world's democracies. A common format is adopted throughout, dealing with explanations of how the system operates and its effects on the political system."--
Introduction : representing Europe's citizens? -- Giving the people what they want : public attitudes to representation in the EU -- Electoral institutions and political representation -- Representation and electoral systems in Europe -- Representation in Europe : the institutions and the individuals -- Electoral institutions and geographical representation -- Electoral reform and the British MEP -- Life under list : representing a region -- Conclusion : the failure of parliamentary representation in Europe
In a set of papers published in his final years, Peter Mair expressed strong and ever more urgent concerns over the state of party politics and the future of representative politics itself . The aim of this paper is to examine his thesis. I start in the next section by setting out the main points of Mair’s arguments on party and democratic failure. I next consider the question of whether the evidence supports such a perspective, or whether in fact there are signs of adaptability and change. This then leads to a discussion about the reform agenda in established representative democracies, an agenda that in a growing number of cases is bringing deliberation centre stage.
Offers an in-depth analysis of election campaigns & the processes through which political parties or interest groups strive to garner votes for their candidates. The research literature on election campaigns is reviewed, focusing on new campaign processes, the role of political parties in them, & their impacts on parties. Trends in the US are summarized, tracing the evolution of political campaigns 1860s-2000s & evaluating their implications for the "Americanization" of Western European campaign activities. An empirical model of the diffusion of US campaign techniques to Western Europe is developed that explains the function of various structural filters & politico-cultural traits in facilitating new technical, resource, & thematic developments. Tables, Figures. K. Hyatt Stewart