"The aim of this paper is to seek to bridge the gap between . theoretical justifications and the local context of the Pacific islands region. In doing so, it builds upon the growing body of literature that questions the relevance and utility of intellectual property laws in developing and least developed countries, and indeed the expansionist approach to intellectual property worldwide (see The Washington Declaration on Intellectual Property and the Public Interest 2011). In particular, it contributes empirical evidence regarding countries with weak technical absorptive capabilities, which are often not explicitly considered in empirical studies of developing countries, suggesting that intellectual property rights do not affect all developing and least developed countries in the same way (see Hassan, Yaqub and Diepeveen 2010). This supports Lall’s argument that countries at different stages of development face very different economic costs and benefits from intellectual property laws (Lall 2003:1657–80). The analytical device used in this paper is the presentation of six case studies that investigate the background to the recent invocations of trademark patent, design laws and copyright by a number of local people in Samoa, Fiji and Vanuatu ." - page 1 ; AusAID
This book investigates the problems and possibilities of plural legal orders through an in-depth study of the relationship between the state and customary justice systems in Vanuatu. It argues that there is a need to move away from the current state-centric approach to law reform in the South Pacific region, and instead include all state and non-state legal orders in development strategies and dialogue. The book also presents a typology of models of engagement between state and non-state legal systems, and describes a process for analysing which of these models would be most advantageous for any country in the South Pacific region, and beyond.
This paper analyses the impact of intellectual property laws on food security in Least Developed Countries (LDCs), taking the Pacific Islands countries as an example. It argues that IP laws are increasingly impacting upon food security, but are not being
Sorcery and witchcraft practices and beliefs are pervasive across Melanesia. They are in part created by, and give rise to, a wide variety of poor social and developmental outcomes. These include uneven economic development, low public health, lack of social cohesion, crime, fear and insecurity. A further very visible problem is the attacks on men and women who are accused of being practitioners of witchcraft or sorcery, which can lead to serious bodily harm, banishment and sometimes death. Today, many communities, individuals, church organisations and policymakers in Melanesia and internationally are exploring ways to overcome the negative social outcomes associated with witchcraft and sorcery practices and beliefs. This book brings together a collection of chapters written by a diverse range of authors, both Melanesian and non-Melanesian, providing crucial insights both into how these practices and beliefs are playing out in contemporary Melanesia, and also the types of interventions that are being trialled or debated to address the problems associated with them.