In this letter, President Kennedy thanks Owens-Corning Fiberglas president Harold Boeschenstein for his comments regarding Kennedy�s speech to the Economic Club of New York. Kennedy also expresses his appreciation for the feedback provided by Boeschenstein and others, and states his hope that the economic goals for 1963 can be reached.
Crisply reasoned argumentation, even when it is dead wrong, is always welcome in the debate on the alleged crisis of democracy in the European Union. Andrew Moravcsik’s recent contribution is certainly well argued, and we agree wholeheartedly with his dismissal of the recent European Constitution as a legally unnecessary project driven primarily by public relations motives. His lessons for what we can learn from that debacle, however, are questionable. We question two central elements in particular: its basis in empirical political science and the implications of those findings for questions of democracy. Moravcsik’s concise argument unfolds in five tightly connected steps. First, most of what the EU does is technical: its domain includes areas such as trade, industrial regulation, agricultural policy, and foreign policy (p. 225). These issues are the natural province of experts. Nation-states are just as likely as the EU to govern such issue areas through the delegation of authority to technical bodies, such as central banks for monetary policy. Second, EU policy-making is reasonably effective and legitimate; it is “more transparent than national policy-making, less corrupt, and at least as accountable ” (p. 236). Third, greater democratic participation and deliberation is infeasible. Even if opportunities for citizen engagement increased, citizens would not substantially participate because the EU addresses issues that “are far less salient ” to voters than the issues that arise in national politics (p. 225). Fourth, if
The end of the Soviet Union and communist regimes throughout Eastern Europe provide a unique opportunity for the analysis of immigrant selection, or who chose to emigrate compared to who didn’t, over time. In this paper I analyze immigrant selection before and after the fall of the Soviet Union within a Roy Model framework. With micro-level data from Russia, Ukraine