When scholars discuss the medieval past, the temptation is to become immersed there, to deepen our appreciation of the nuances of the medieval sources through debate about their meaning. But the past informs the present in a myriad of ways and medievalists can, and should, use their research to address the concerns and interests of contemporary society. This volume presents a number of carefully commissioned essays that demonstrate the fertility and originality of recent work in Medieval Studies. Above all, they have been selected for relevance. Most contributors are in the earlier stages of their careers and their approaches clearly reflect how interdisciplinary methodologies applied to Medieval Studies have potential repercussions and value far beyond the boundaries of the Middles Ages. These chapters are powerful demonstrations of the value of medieval research to our own times, both in terms of providing answers to some of the specific questions facing humanity today and in terms of much broader considerations. Taken together, the research presented here also provides readers with confidence in the fact that Medieval Studies cannot be neglected without a great loss to the understanding of what it means to be human.
Understanding the mechanisms of monarchy / Elena Woodacre -- The "wise king" topos in context : royal literacy and political theology in medieval Western Europe (c.1000-1200) / Manuel Alejandro Rodríguez de la Peña -- The biblical King Solomon in representations of Western European medieval royalty / Laura Fábián -- Regal power and the royal family in a thirteenth-century Iberian legislative programme / Manuela Santos Silva -- Personal union, composite monarchy, and "multiple rule" / Charlotte Backerra -- Dynastic succession in an elective monarchy : the Habsburgs and the Holy Roman Empire / Matthias Schnettger -- Dei gratia and the "divine right of kings" : divine legitimization or human humility? / Matthias Range -- A case-study of pre-modern Islamic monarchy : the Almohad Caliphate of the Maghreb and al-Andalus in the 12th-13th centuries / Pascal Buresi -- Contemporary kingship in Muslim Arab societies in comparative context / David Mednicoff -- Faith, power and charity : personal religion and kingship in medieval England / Paul Webster -- The nation as a ritual community : royal nation-building in imperial Japan and post-war Thailand / David Malitz -- The nationalisation and mediatisation of European monarchies in times of sorrow : royal deaths and funerals in the second half of the nineteenth century / Christoph de Spiegeleer -- A useless ceremony of some use : a comparative study of attitudes to coronations in Norway and Sweden in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries / Trond Isaksen -- Negotiating with the neighbours : kingship and diplomacy in Munhumutapa / Eugénia Rodrigues -- Early modern monarchy and foreign travel / Philippa Woodcock -- Kingship and masculinity in Renaissance Portugal (fifteenth and sixteenth centuries) / Hélder Carvalhal -- Royal representation through the father and warrior figures in early modern Europe / Estelle Paranque -- Chasing St. Louis : the English monarchy's pursuit of sainthood / Anna Duch -- Raising royal bodies : Stuart authority and the monumental image / Catriona Murray -- In pursuit of social allies : royal residences and political legitimacy in post-revolutionary Europe, 1804-1830 / Mikolaj Getka-Kenig -- Clothing royal bodies : changing attitudes to royal dress and appearance from the Middle Ages to modernity / Benjamin Wild -- Anticipatory association of the heir in early modern Russia : primogeniture and succession in Russia's ruling dynasties / Russell E. Martin -- From a Salic law to the Salic law : the creation and re-creation of the royal succession system of medieval France / Derek Whaley -- A family affair : cultural anxiety, political debate and the nature of monarchy in seventeenth-century France and Britain / Jonathan Spangler -- What's in a name? Dynasty, succession and England's queens regnant (1553-2016) / Sarah Betts -- Female pharaohs in ancient Egypt / Aidan Norrie -- Neither heir nor spare : childless queens and the practice of monarchy in pre-modern Europe / Theresa Earenfight & Kristen Geaman -- Harem politics : royal women and succession crises in the ancient Near East (c. 1400-300 BCE) / Lloyd Llewellyn-Jones -- Child kings and guardianship in North-Western Europe c. 1050-c. 1250 / Emily Joan Ward -- Creating chiefs and queen mothers in Ghana : obstacles and opportunities / Beverly J. Stoeltje -- Deposition of of monarchs in Northern Kingdoms, 1300-1700 / Cathleen Sarti -- Male consorts and royal authority in the Crusader States / Stephen Donnachie -- Kings and nobles on the fringe of Christendom : a comparative perspective on monarchy and aristocracy in the European Middle Ages / Kim Bergqvist -- For better or for worse : royal marital sexuality as political critique in late medieval Europe / Henric Bagerius and Christine Ekholst -- The Tudor monarchy of counsel and the growth of reason of state / Joanne Paul with Valerie Schutte -- Ruling emotions : affective and emotional strategies of power and authority among early modern European monarchies / Susan Broomhall -- From galanterie to scandal : the sexuality of the king from Louis XIV to XVI / Chad Denton -- Queen Min, foreign policy, and the role of female leadership in late nineteenth-century Korea / Frank Jacob.
The book reflects academically on important and relevant ethical fields from a multidimensional South African context. The book challenges conventional borders from different ethical, theological, philosophical, economic and cultural perspectives with insight and expertise and seeks to add academic-ethical value, locally and globally, with its different points of departure deeply embedded in justice. From a mainly qualitative methodological perspective, this scholarly book demonstrates that ethics requires analytical thinking and critical people who, in an existentially and emancipatory way, can help make the world a more just, decent and humane place in which to live.
The authors, who represent different academic and cultural backgrounds, present in their respective chapters their research systematically, intersectionally and constructivistically, based on profound theoretical analysis and reasoning. This epistemology results in an act of knowing that actively gives meaning and order to the reality to which it is responding. By doing this, they point out that people are in an ongoing process of becoming more human – allowing ourselves and our fellow human beings to flourish and to reach fuller potential through justice-based ethical reflection and action.
A large portion of existing multithreaded embedded sofware has been programmed according to symmetric shared memory platforms where a monolithic memory block is shared by all cores. Such platforms accommodate popular parallel programming models such as POSIX threads and OpenMP. However with the growing number of cores in modern manycore embedded architectures, they present a bottleneck related to their centralized memory accesses. This paper proposes a solution tailored for an efficient execution of applications defined with shared-memory programming models onto on-chip distributed-memory multicore architectures. It shows how performance, area and energy consumption are significantly improved thanks to the scalability of these architectures. This is illustrated in an open-source realistic design framework, including tools from ASIC to microkernel. ; IEEE Computer Society ; Peer-reviewed ; Post-print
International Business and Institutions after the Financial Crisis provides an in-depth discussion and offers new insights concerning the ways in which firms from developed and emerging countries are performing in the aftermath of the worst financial crisis since the Great Depression. This book examines various issues from different viewpoints, and draws on research conducted in different country settings.
The Ontario Benthos Biomonitoring Network (OBBN) is a collaborative initiative that monitors bottom-dwelling aquatic invertebrates to assess ecological condition. The Network is led by Ontario’s Ministry of Environment and Environment Canada’s Ecological Monitoring and Assessment Network Coordinating Office, and is part of the Canadian Aquatic Biomonitoring Network. This paper evaluates OBBN performance, emphasizing impacts on participants’ social capital, environmental action, and problem-solving ability. A questionnaire was used to characterize participants’ reasons for joining, their experience and degree of involvement, their satisfaction with the Network, and their socio-economic status and demography. Three hypotheses were tested: (1) that participants’ social capital has increased as a result of Network involvement; (2) that OBBN involvement has catalyzed an increase in participants’ civic environmental action, or the effectiveness of that action; and (3) that Network members’ problem-solving abilities have improved as a result of their participation. Evidence supports all three hypotheses, and participants’ subjective assessments suggest that the Network is performing well. New participants join the Ontario Benthos Biomonitoring Network for a variety of water-management-related and social reasons. Most participants categorize the government-participant relationship in the OBBN as a voluntary partnership or collaboration, with an acceptable distribution of funding burden among partners. Participants are generally satisfied with the OBBN, and most believe it to be credible, relevant, legitimate, and inclusive. Le Ontario Benthos Biomonitoring Network (OBBN) est une initiative de collaboration dont l’objet est la surveillance des invertébrés aquatiques de fond dans le but d’évaluer la situation écologique. Le réseau est dirigé par le ministère de l’Environnement de l’Ontario et par le bureau de coordination du Réseau d’évaluation et de surveillance écologique (RÉSÉ) d’Environnement Canada, et fait partie du Réseau canadien de biosurveillance aquatique (RCBA). On évalue dans cet article les résultats du OBBN, en mettant l’accent sur les répercussions sur le capital social des participants, leur action environnementale et leur capacité de résolution de problèmes. On a utilisé un questionnaire pour caractériser les motifs qui ont poussé les participants à s’engager, leur expérience et leur degré de participation, leur satisfaction par rapport au réseau, leur situation économique et démographique. On a vérifié les trois hypothèses suivantes voulant que : 1) le capital social des participants ait augmenté à la suite de leur engagement dans le réseau; 2) la participation au OBBN ait catalysé et augmenté l’action civique environnementale, ou l’efficacité de cette action, chez les participants; et 3) les capacités de résolution de problèmes des membres du réseaux se soient améliorées à la suite de leur participation. Les éléments de preuve observés soutiennent les trois hypothèses. La participation au réseau est motivée par une variété de résultats souhaitables de nature sociale et liés à la gestion de l’eau. La plupart des participants ont classé la relation gouvernement-participant au sein du réseau (OBBN) comme un partenariat bénévole ou une collaboration, avec une répartition acceptable du fardeau du financement parmi les partenaires. De manière générale, les participants sont satisfaits du OBBN et croient pour la plupart qu’il est crédible, pertinent, légitime et complet.
The majority of African countries implemented import liberalisation in the 1990s. This paper explores factors that may explain the pattern of protection and of tariff reform. We consider political economy explanations, motivated specifically by the Grossman and Helpman (1994) model of protection in response to industry lobbies, and the possibility that reforms are technocratic. Using industry-level data for a sample of six African countries, we find limited evidence that political economy factors have influenced the pattern of tariffs or tariff reductions since the early 1990s. One result does appear frequently: relative sector size (measured by the number of employees or establishments) appears to be associated with the relative level of protection. We then explore various descriptive statistics for tariff changes in seven African countries. The analysis suggests that the pattern of tariff reductions was essentially technocratic in structure - across the board reduction in average tariffs and in the dispersion of rates, with larger proportional reductions for higher tariffs - consistent with policy reforms being guided by the World Bank. While political economy factors may have influenced the initial pattern of protection, the technocratic reforms since the early 1990s have diluted political economy influences on average and relative protection.