According to recent studies, countries specialised in goods associated with high productivity levels grow faster than countries specialised in goods associated with low productivity levels. In this paper we analyse whether that relationship also takes place at the regional level. Using a unique, highly-disaggregated, regional trade database, we calculate the productivity level associated to Spanish provinces' exports and analyse whether provinces that latch on more productive exports have achieved higher rates of growth. Our results show that there is also a positive link between exports' productivity and growth at a regional level.
This paper estimates the tariff equivalent of the border barrier in each bilateral trade among European Union countries. The results show that there are large differences in the border barrier across European Union countries' bilateral trade. In some bilateral trade flows the border barrier has almost disappeared, whereas in other cases it is still equivalent to a 75 per cent tariff. The results also show that some countries have low border barriers in most of their bilateral trade flows with other EU members, whereas other countries persistently present large border barriers.