Abstract:The Internationalists is a fascinating book. The authors present a clear proposition about the significance of the 1928 Pact for the Renunciation of War for a more peaceful world. My focus is on the role of what the authors call outcasting, as an alternative to war. I argue that outcasting is hardly new. It has been known as reprisals or self-help, and currently as countermeasures. It is essential that such measures are brought under international control. What is more, the current US administration is a threat to the current world order. Other states and civil society need to continue to develop internationally controlled sanctions against violations of international law – also in the absence of the USA.
The arms of international courts are long. Follesdal and Ulftsein bring together renowned experts to ask whether the benefits of global governance, the rule of law, and protection of the rights of individuals outweigh the compromising of national sovereignty and the lack of democratic accountability.--
One of the most noted developments in international law over the past twenty years is the proliferation of international courts and tribunals. They decide who has the right to exploit natural resources, define the scope of human rights, delimit international boundaries and determine when the use of force is prohibited. As the number and influence of international courts grow, so too do challenges to their legitimacy. This volume provides new interdisciplinary insights into international courts' legitimacy: what drives and undermines the legitimacy of these bodies? How do drivers change depending on the court concerned? What is the link between legitimacy, democracy, effectiveness and justice? Top international experts analyse legitimacy for specific international courts, as well as the links between legitimacy and cross-cutting themes. Failure to understand and respond to legitimacy concerns can endanger both the courts and the law they interpret and apply.
Introduction / Harlan Grant Cohen, Andreas Follesdal, Nienke Grossman, and Geir Ulfstein -- Solomonic judgments and the legitimacy of the International Court of Justice / Nienke Grossman -- The global-local dilemma and the ICC's legitimacy / Margaret de Guzman -- Justice as legitimacy in the European Court of Human Rights / Molly Land -- Legitimacy and jurisdictional overlap : the ICC and the Inter-American Court in Colombia / Alexandra Huneeus -- The legitimacy of the European Court of Justice : normative debates and empirical evidence / Mark Pollack -- The International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea : seeking the legitimacy of state consent / Anastasia Telesetsky -- Who decides matters : the legitimacy capital of WTO adjudicators versus ICSID arbitrators / Joost Pauwelyn -- The legitimacy of the International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes / Andrea Bjorklund -- The human rights treaty bodies and legitimacy challenges / Geir Ulfstein -- Constitutionalization, not democratization : how to assess the legitimacy of international courts / Andreas Follesdal -- Democracy, justice and the legitimacy of international courts / Mortimer Sellers -- Stronger together? : legitimacy and effectiveness of international courts as mutually reinforcing or undermining notions / Yuval Shany
The emerging international human rights judiciary (IHRJ) threatens national democratic processes and 'hollows out' the scope of domestic and democratic decision-making, some argue. This new analysis confronts this head on by examining the interplay between national parliaments and the IHRJ, proposing that it advances parliament's efforts. Taking Europe and the European Court of Human Rights as its focus - drawing on theory, doctrine and practice - the authors answer a series of key questions. What role should parliaments play in realising human rights? Which factors influence the effects of the IHRJ on national parliaments' efforts? How can the IHRJ adjust its influence on parliamentary process? And what triggers the backlash against the IHRJ from parliaments and when? Here, the authors lay foundations for better informed scholarship and legal practice in the future, as well as a better understanding of how to improve the effectiveness and validity of the IHRJ.