This broad-ranging and accessible volume tells the story of a relationship rooted in a thousand years of British history, and of our sense of national identity in conflict with our political and economic need for partnership with continental Europe.
We introduced case management and homeless outreach to chronically homeless, alcohol-dependent, frequent emergency department (ED) visitors using existing resources. We assessed the difference in differences of ED visits 6 months pre- and postintervention using a prospective, nonequivalent control group trial. Secondary outcomes included changes in hospitalizations and housing. The differences in differences between intervention and prospective patients and retrospective controls were −12.1 (95% CI = −22.1, −2.0) and −12.8 (95% CI = −26.1, 0.6) for ED visits and −8.5 (95% CI = −22.8, 5.8) and −19.0 (95% CI = −34.3, −3.6) for inpatient days, respectively. Eighteen participants accepted shelter; no controls were housed. Through intervention, ED use decreased and housing was achieved.
This is the story of how British governments have wrestled with policy towards the European Union, written by someone who worked closely with many of Britain's political leaders in shaping an often fraught but always full-frontal relationship between Britain and her European partners.