Rinus Penninx's groundbreaking work has helped to systematise and classify existing research in the field of migration and ethnic studies. His heuristic model makes an important distinction between immigration and integration research and, within the latter, between socio-economic, ethno-cultural and legal-political dimensions. Written as a tribute to Penninx, this volume consists of contributions by 15 of his former PhD students covering all the main categories of his heuristic model.
Berbers were traditionally disregarded by the Moroccan elite and viewed as an uncivilised peripheral population. Only within the last few years has the Moroccan government, through the foundation of the Royal Institute of Amazigh culture, recognised the Berber inheritance as a valuable part of the Moroccan society. In this article we explore the orientation of the Moroccan Berber immigrants to their home country and to their countries of settlement and in particular in The Netherlands. We conclude that in the course of generations, the political orientation towards Morocco has lost some of its importance and that maintaining a core Berber identity among the immigrants has become the centre of the organisations' activities in The Netherlands. Adapted from the source document.