in: International social science journal, Volume 24, Issue 1, p. 111-131
ISSN: 0020-8701 (print), 1468-2451 (electronic)
Any program of development is found to need demography. Whether or not it actually wishes to adopt a pop policy, it will have to: (a) forecast its future pop development; (b) ensure the full utilization of the manpower levels indicated by these forecasts, for both econ & soc reasons. The following demographic aspects of development are examined: C1) the general relationship, in a given country, between demographic conditions & ED; (2) adoption of the aims of a pop policy; (3) means of realizing these aims; (4) general inventory of human resources in terms of production; (5) establishment of a nat'l accounting model; (6) preliminary econ & financial balance sheet; (7) agri & industry, Ur & Ru pop; (8) general policy for educ & training; & (9) health & soc policy. It is shown how & what demographic data can be used as a basis for decision-making in these areas, & which choices have to be made. Individual choices must depend on conditions obtaining in each case. The final decision must always rest with the pol'al authorities. But those authorities should be fully informed & (A) should not pursue absolutely irreconcilable objectives, & (B) should employ means which are appropriate to the ends they have in view. The importance of human resources is pointed out. M. Maxfield.