Introduction: natural history and visual culture in the Spanish empire -- A botanical reconquista -- Natural history and visual epistemology -- Painting as exploration -- Economic botany and the limits of the visual -- Visions of imperial nature: global white space, local color -- Conclusion: the empire as an image machine
This fascinating book examines the biology and culture of foods and beverages that are consumed in communal settings, with special attention to their health implications. Nina Etkin covers a wealth of topics, exploring human evolutionary history, the Slow Food movement, ritual and ceremonial foods, caffeinated beverages, spices, the street foods of Hawaii and northern Nigeria, and even bottled water. Her work is framed by a biocultural perspective that considers both the physiological implications of consumption and the cultural construction and circulation of foods.
The growth of scientific studies involving plants towards matching with the ever increasing demands of development is indispensible, at which our efforts on research are aimed in line with the requirement. The interdisciplinary field that generates discussion and research between environment and plant science including human-focused themes is highlighted in this article. In particular, the strategies to wipe out the main bottleneck of studies on plants are briefed so that they could be visualised by the prospective researchers in future.
Home gardens, “the peridomestic area belonging to the household where members plant and/or tend useful plants” (Perrault-Archambault and Coomes 2008), are found throughout the world. However, their use and importance vary from region to region. In the Peruvian Amazon, owners use home gardens for a domestic supply of foods, craft materials, medicines, condiments, and shade (Miller and Nair 2006). With this wide range in function, reflected in species content, home gardens are very biodiverse. Home garden biodiversity may be increasingly important in a rapidly changing Amazonia (Betts et al. 2008). Thus, the sociocultural and economic factors contributing to home garden diversity warrant in-depth study. Existing data posit a direct positive relationship between female garden tenders and species diversity (Perrault-Archambault and Coomes 2008) as well as report a simultaneous increase in sales of indigenous plant products and monocropping (Perreault2005). Nevertheless, limited research exists on home gardens as reservoirs for species conservation (Ban and Coomes2004b). We hypothesize both the gender of the caretaker and market integration impact levels of species richness in home gardens, with female garden managers increasing biodiversity and market integration decreasing biodiversity as caretakers favor more marketable species. ; http://scholarship.richmond.edu/geography-posters/1005/thumbnail.jpg