Introduction / by Gary K. Bertsch -- In search of global political theory / E. Miriam Steiner -- Development and global challenges / Hans S. Park -- Comparative analysis / Gary K. Bertsch -- Interdisciplinary analysis / Philip J. Meeks -- International futures / Robert E. Clute -- Macromotives and microbehavior / William O. Chittick
There is an urgent need to develop global e-health policy in order both to facilitate and to manage the potential of e-health. As part of the Universitas 21 (U21) project in e-health, an evaluation of the status of global e-health policy was performed using a SWOT analysis (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats). The analysis showed that the greatest threat to global e-health policy is the autonomous nature of domestic health-care systems. The greatest opportunity may be the prospect for nations and individuals to work together in establishing mechanisms necessary to offer health-care access through global e-health – a new ‘global public good’. Full integration of e-health into existing health-care systems could be achieved in both a practical and a policy sense through global e-health policy initiatives that facilitate integration across jurisdictions. There is a pressing need to resolve a range of e-health policy issues, and a concomitant need for research that will inform and support the process. A process that adopts a global approach is recommended.
THE PURPOSE OF THIS ARTICLE IS TO SUMMERIZE AND STIMULATE NEW IDEAS IN THE NEW FIELD OF GLOBAL POLICY STUDIES. THIS FIELD CAN BE DEFINED AS THE STUDY OF INTERNATIONAL INTERACTIONS DESIGNED TO DEAL WITH SHARED POLICY PROBLEMS. GLOBAL POLICY STUDIES IS RELATED TO INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS, COMPARATIVE GOVERNMENT, AND PUBLIC POLICY STUDIES.
The global financial crisis revealed not only the need for greater oversight of the private sector, but also the co-dependence of governments and those firms. From national economic governance to transnational regulations such as the Basel III regulations, the continued strong influence of the private sector in negotiating, setting standards and implementing them through private bodies such as the US Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA) remains undeniable. The global financial crisis thus illustrates how even amidst valid claims that ‘the state is back’, global policy making is increasingly multi-stakeholder in character. This article provides a snapshot of the increasing extensiveness of multi-stakeholder processes through a conceptual overview and an empirical survey, highlighting instances in which various actor pillars (governments, intergovernmental organisations, civil society organisations, corporations, etc.) have begun to expand their membership and participation to include other stakeholders. It demonstrates that even as the main actor groups that serve as the foundation of global policy processes remain mostly unchanged, the extent to which each pursues multi-stakeholder approaches has increased. It has become conventional wisdom that the global financial crisis brought forth a resurgence of govern-ments as central economic actors. Trillions of dollars were