In a brief essay called Des espaces autres (1984) Michel Foucault announced that after the nineteenth century, which was dominated by a historical outlook, the current century might rather be the century of space. His prophecy has been fulfilled: the end of the twentieth century witnessed a ‘spatial turn’ in humanities which was perhaps partly due to the globalisation of our modern world. Inspired by the spatial turn in the humanities, this volume presents a number of essays on the ideological role of space in literary texts. The individual articles analyse ancient and modern literary texts from the angle of the most recent theoretical conceptualisations of space. The focus throughout is on how the experience of space is determined by dominant political, philosophical or religious ideologies and how, in turn, the description of spaces in literature is employed to express, broadcast or deconstruct this experience. By bringing together ancient and modern, mostly postcolonial texts, this volume hopes to stimulate discussion among disciplines and across continents. Among the authors discussed are: Homer, Nonnus, Alcaeus of Lesbos, Apollonius of Rhodes, Vergil, Herodotus, Panagiotis Soutsos, Assia Djebar, Tahar Djaout, Olive Senior, Jamaica Kincaid, Stefan Heym, Benoit Dutuertre, Henrik Stangerup and David Malouf.
Russian literature is on the move. Despite the uncertain political and intellectual climate of the Putin era, it has not stagnated, but offers instead a colourful array of artistic diversity. The results of the book prizes 'Natsional'ny bestseller', 'Bol'shaia Kniga', 'Russkii Buker', and 'NOS' from 2009 to mid-2013 make it possible to follow the discourse of literary criticism. Familiar names, such as Dmitry Bykov, Aleksandr Terekhov, Daniil Granin, Lev Rubinshtein, and Maksim Kantor, define the picture set the tone, while new names, such as Igor Vishnevetsky, Arkhimandrit Tikhon, Marina Stepnova, Natan Dubovitsky, Figl-Migl, Plato Besedin, and Anton Ponizovsky enliven the literary scene. Among those authors who are innovative in terms of artistic skill and social criticism, the 'new realists' in particular represent an important trend. The advance of religiously influenced works stands out. Adapted from the source document.
"With his 1,200+ page study of Robert Musil's novel "The Man Without Qualities", Norbert Christian Wolf has produced a book which many may assume is "unreadable" on account of its enormous size alone. As a work of literary studies, it certainly runs the risk of being largely ignored by the social sciences. From a methodological perspective, however, there are good reasons to engage with this book: not only does it contain a concise theoretical substantiation and methodological description of the socio-analysis of literary texts according to Pierre Bourdieu, it also demonstrates this method in detail on the corpus of the fictional characters in Musil's novel. In terms of literary studies, Wolf's book can therefore be viewed as a kind of encyclopedia for Musil's work; sociologically, it represents a nuanced socio-analysis of the "history of the calamities of the 20th century". Before looking at the methodological and methodical aspects of Wolf's study, this review essay presents some introductory thoughts on the use of literary works in the social sciences as well as a few cursory references to selected works which introduce or make use of this method themselves." (author's abstract)
Departing from the notion of the hybridity of Indos, who traditionally have a position between colonizer and colonized, this thesis analyses how the memory of the Dutch Indies influences second and third generation Indos in the Netherlands and how their identity is performed/ represented/ manifested through cultural artifacts. This thesis regards both monuments and novels as ‘lieux de mémoire’. The purpose of this thesis is twofold: on the one hand it examines the memory of the Dutch Indies that is shaped by trauma and nostalgia. Colonial memory in the Netherlands is characterized by a discourse of nostalgia that persisted since the beginning of the colony. This same discourse is prominent in Indo memory. Nostalgia, surprisingly, is an aspect that unites Dutch and Indos. Second and third generation Indos reappropriate this discourse, developing a reflective mode of nostalgia that uncovers the complicated position of Indos in the Dutch Indies. On the other hand, this thesis analyses what role these memories play in the performance of Indo-identity in the Netherlands. I argue that commemoration and the circulation of memory in the form of stories play a significant role in the shaping of Indo- identity. The colonial legacy is what determines this identity. It is also something that is cherished and maintained within families. The memory is contained within the familial bond, implying ownership. It concerns narratives that are told and retold within the family. Consequently, the notion of postmemory becomes important. Starting point are two ‘family chronicles’: Asta’s ogen by Eveline Stoel and Een meisje van honderd by Marion Bloem. While Asta’s ogen offers a straightforward account of a family history, Een meisje van honderd employs the same notion of family history through a mode of magical realism, placing the novel in a tradition of colonial writings as well as adopting a critical approach to such traditions. Through the analysis of reader’s responses this thesis shows how these novels are used as carriers of memory by second and third generation Indo. In comparison this thesis looks at the Van Heutsz Monument in Amsterdam, the Indië Monument Amstelveen and its counterpart at Zorgvlied, analysing commemorative events of these monuments, focusing especially on speech acts.
"Mit seiner gut 1.200 Seiten umfassenden Studie zu Robert Musils Roman 'Der Mann ohne Eigenschaften' hat Norbert Christian WOLF ein Buch vorgelegt, das von vielen vermutlich allein wegen seines enormen Umfangs für 'unlesbar' gehalten werden mag. Und da es ein literaturwissenschaftliches Werk ist, läuft es allemal Gefahr, in den Sozialwissenschaften kaum zur Kenntnis genommen zu werden. Aus methodologischer Perspektive gibt es allerdings gute Gründe, sich mit diesem Buch zu beschäftigen, denn es enthält nicht nur eine konzise theoretische Begründung und methodologische Beschreibung der Sozioanalyse literarischer Texte nach Pierre Bourdieu, sondern führt diese Methode auch detailliert am Großteil der fiktiven Figuren aus Musils Roman vor. Literaturwissenschaftlich kann Wolfs Buch daher als eine Art Enzyklopädie zu Musils Werk gesehen werden; soziologisch stellt es eine differenzierte Sozioanalyse der 'Katastrophengeschichte des 20. Jahrhunderts' dar. Bevor in diesem Review Essay die methodologischen und methodischen Aspekte von Wolfs Studie betrachtet werden, sollen zunächst einführende Überlegungen zur Verwendung literarischer Werke in den Sozialwissenschaften sowie einige kursorische Hinweise auf ausgewählte Arbeiten, die in diese Methode einführen oder sich derselben bedienen, vorangestellt werden." (Autorenreferat)