SIX RECENT INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENTS HAVE A DIRECT BEARING ON NORTH AFRICA AND THE POTENTIAL FOR THE FURTHER MARGINALIZAITON OF AFRICA. THEY ARE: THE RISE OF EUROCENTRICISM; THE REVIVIAL OF THE "PRODIGAL SON" PHENOMENON, REPRESENTED BY THE RETURN OF COUNTRIES OF CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE TO THE LARGER FAMILY OF THE WEST; THE EROSION OF AID TO AFRICA, WHOSE COUNTRIES HAVE GROWN INCREASINGLY POOR SINCE THE INCEPTION OF THE INDEPENDENCE PROCESS; THE LIBERALIZATION OF THE INTERNATIONAL ECONOMY; THE SUDDEN AVAILABILITY OF EASTERN EUROPEAN MANPOWER; AND THE NEW CONDITIONS IMPOSED ON AID TO AFRICAN COUNTRIES BY THE WEST. IN GENERAL TERMS, WHILE THE INTERNATIONAL SITUATION HAS EVOLVED FROM A CLIMATE OF CONFRONTATION TO ONE OF COOPERATION BETWEEN EAST AND WEST, AFRICA HAS NOT BEEN ABLE TO ACHIEVE SUFFICIENT PROGRESS IN ITS QUEST FOR ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT. THE ONLY SOLUTION TO AFRICA'S DEVELOPMENTAL PROBLEMS IS AN ACCEPTANCE BY THE RICH OF THE WORLD THAT BY BEING LESS RICH, THEY CAN MAKE THE POOR LESS POOR.
Jostling for power by Nigeria's myriad ethnic groups has, for better and for worse, driven the country's political development since before independence from Britain in 1960. What is new is a rhetoric of the impossible: the marginalization of everyone.
For 50 years, Palestinians have been vulnerable to various human rights violations, & their marginalization is viewed as a failure of the international community; here, the development & persistence of this circumstance is addressed. An interdisciplinary approach is taken to explore the historical & legal origins of the international refugee protection gap. Its impact on Palestinian refugees is traced to the 1922 British Mandate following WWI & the incorporation of the Balfour Declaration. The UN's involvement in the Palestinian case is described, highlighting the efforts of the United Nations Relief & Works Agency. Policy & institutional reforms required to redress the Palestinian case are considered, & particularly whether the UNHCR ought to get involved in the crisis & how such involvement might manifest. 2 Appendixes. J. Zendejas