This new edition of Alexander Miller's highly readable introduction to contemporary metaethics provides a critical overview of the main arguments and themes in twentieth- and twenty-first-century contemporary metaethics. Miller traces the development of contemporary debates in metaethics from their beginnings in the work of G.E. Moore up to the most recent arguments between naturalism and non-naturalism, cognitivism and non-cognitivism. From Moore's attack on ethical naturalism, A.J. Ayer's emotivism and Simon Blackburn's quasi-realism to anti-realist and best opinion accounts of moral truth and the non-reductionist naturalism of the 'Cornell realists', this book addresses all the key theories and ideas in this field. As well as revisiting the whole terrain with revised and updated guides to further reading, Miller also introduces major new sections on the revolutionary fictionalism of Richard Joyce and the hermeneutic fictionalism of Mark Kalderon. The new edition will continue to be essential reading for students, teachers and professional philosophers with an interest in contemporary metaethics.
Ethics & experience in early American pragmatism -- Charles Sanders Peirce: the roots of pragmatist ethics -- William James: radical empiricist, moral philosopher -- John Dewey: champion of inquiry -- Clarence Irving Lewis: the bridge to today's pragmatism -- Pragmatism & problems in contemporary metaethics -- A pragmatist view of truth in moral inquiry -- A pragmatist view of principles in moral inquiry -- Making metaethics matter
This Handbook surveys the contemporary state of the burgeoning field of metaethics. This is essential reading for anyone with a serious interest in metaethics, from those coming to it for the first time to those actively pursuing research in the field.
Ethical non-naturalism and normative properties / William J. FitzPatrick -- Naturalistic metaethics at half price / Joshua Gert -- In defense of moral error theory / Jonas Olson -- The myth of moral fictionalism / Terence Cuneo and Sean Christy -- Expressivism, inferentialism and the theory of meaning / Matthew Chrisman -- How not to avoid wishful thinking / Mark Schroeder -- Internal reasons and the motivating intuition / Julia Markovits -- Beyond wrong reasons : the buck-passing account of value / Ulrike Heuer -- A wrong turn to reasons / Pekka Väyrynen -- Shmagency revisited / David Enoch -- The authority of social norms / Nicholas Southwood -- Moral epistemology / Alison Hills -- Aesthetics and particularism / Sean McKeever and Michael Ridge
Metaethical questions have occupied some of the greatest philosophers: Plato, Aristotle, Aquinas, Kant, Hume and Nietzsche, amongst many others, have all written on issues about the nature of moral thinking and moral practice. In the last 40 years, interest in metaethics has increased greatly, driven by developments in other areas of philosophy - principally, philosophy of language, philosophy of mind, metaphysics and philosophical psychology. This collection presents original and ground-breaking research on metaethical issues from some of the very best younger philosophers working in this field. Topics covered include: the nature of practical reasonsnaturalist and non-naturalist approaches to metaethicsexpressivist accounts of moral language, aesthetic, epistemic and social normativity.