The cultural distinctiveness of the South led to a backlash in the region in the years following the rise of a national LGBTQ movement. In the decades that followed, political science research showed that the South remained fundamentally different than elsewhere in the nation in terms of attitudes regarding LGBTQ individuals and policies, both regarding overall views and Southerners' imperviousness to personal contact with queer individuals in terms of reshaping attitudes. In electoral politics, explicit group-based appeals regarding LGBTQ individuals were often employed. And, policy divergence between the South and non-South was stark. While unambiguous shifts have occurred in the South in a more pro-LGBTQ rights direction, the region remains distinctively conservative when it comes to LGBTQ politics. Particularly striking are Southern attitudes toward transgender individuals and policies. That said, "two Souths" have begun to cement on LGBTQ politics as urbanized and suburbanized areas have diverged. Moreover, within the region's Republican Party, a factional divide has begun to show itself across the South. The South remains consequential in gauging whether backpedaling on the dramatic progress made on LGBTQ rights is occurring in the United States.
Examines the dramatic increase in Mexican & other Latino immigrant residents that occurred in the rural Delmarva Peninsula region of Maryland & Virginia during the 1990's. The impact of local practices on immigrant rights is considered from both a human rights & a citizen theory perspective. Data were obtained from fieldwork conducted in 2000-02 that consisted of site observations & interviews with immigrants, social service providers, & local activists. Most of the immigrant respondents were poor, young, working-class Mexicans who were interested in permanent rather than temporary, seasonal work. Special attention is given to the immigrant's experiences with labor unions, social services, housing providers, & the political establishment. Even though many of the newcomers lack legal status, they have made significant gains, & local actors have often responded constructively to their presence. The isolated nature of the peninsula & the small size of the communities have led to more personal contact between residents & the immigrants whose rights have been expanded in such areas as labor, education, & legal assistance. Tables, References. J. Lindroth
Though highly visible, top corporate executives are not accessible. Surrounded by gatekeepers, leverage is often needed to gain access, & that done, the researcher is in foreign territory; unless fully prepared, inaccurate or scripted information can result. Personal or professional contacts, personalization of the research, & accommodating the interviewee's schedule can help lower barriers to access. The researcher can maximize the probability of obtaining useful information by: (1) having a clear agenda; (2) clarifying ground rules for the interview; (3) using a semistructured interview format; (4) supplementing the interview with other data; & (5) establishing the opportunity for follow-up access. 29 References. D. Generoli
"This article broaches the topic of stereotyping by discussing the fact that stereotypes are strongly connected to our social life. Hence, every individual tends to (re-)produce stereotypes in his or her mind, in order to find his or her own group identity as well as to establish personal boundaries. As a result of the wide spread notion that stereotypes are negative and able to cause unsettling ideologies and behavior, a general trend to tabooisation can be observed. However, simply discontinuing the conversation on stereotyping does not eliminate its negative problems. Following the aim to create a peaceful society across national borders, it is necessary to step beyond tabooing stereotypes and commence a process of reflection, discussion and most importantly, enunciation. In the long run, this is regarded as the only effective way to act against collective negative opinions on others. Especially when dealing with national stereotypes, this process can be used to emphasize their constructed character, as they can never be seen as valid for all citizens of a national state. By getting in contact with our neighbors we might realize that national borders are not as strong and separative as they may seem to be. Apart from the fact that every person is an individual and cannot be reduced to his or her nationality, both similarities of regions across national borders and considerable domestic differences can be elaborated. Eventually, some of the national stereotypes may simply be produced for economic reasons in order to present a country more attractively to tourists." (author's abstract)