Includes bibliographical references (leaves 87-93). ; This study investigates the willingness of Zimbabweans to use protest participation as an alternative route to the democratisation of Zimbabwe. A set of theoretical determinants from the literature are tested against individual reports of protest participation usmg the Afrobarometer survey: Round 3. Explanations include economic, political, cultural, cognitive and collective action factors. The evidence from this study reveals that, while conventional wisdom would associate protest with the economically insecure, the unemployed and individuals who belong to the working class, in Zimbabwe protest potential is high among the urbanised, the young, professionals, educated and the economically secure. The study raises questions about the efficacy of the strategies of civil society and opposition in Zimbabwe to mobilise protest Zimbabweans, despite being marginalised and confronted with the most severe crisis, are not inclined to push for economic and political transformation.
Whereas protests have been discussed predominantly in terms of collective action issues, achieving coordination does not always guarantee success. Protest groups must also back their demands with sufficient threats. Some assert that threats are enhanced by the mobilization of more resources. Yet this conventional wisdom fails to explain why not all large-scale protests win government concessions or why some protest groups spend resources on their organizational infrastructure even though it will not inflict immediate damage on the government. Formalizing protest in a bargaining model, I show that investing in organizational infrastructure improves the impact of protest groups' threats by lowering the probability that a counter-protest will offset the impact of the original protest.
Mit den Erfahrungen aus 10-jähriger Greenpeace-Arbeit ist die Hamburger Journalistin, bekannt durch ihre Aufklärung über fair und ökologisch hergestellte Textilien ("Saubere Sachen", BA 5/09), weiterhin rührige Aktivistin. Sie ermutigt und regt an zu Umwelt-, Sozial- und Kulturprojekten, berichtet von couragierten Protestlern, von eigenen originellen Einfällen, kleinen Aktionen, einigen größeren Greenpeace-Unternehmungen und der Internet-Kampagne gegen Apple. Im Internet hat sich eine zeitgemässe, effektive Form des Protests etabliert. Vorgestellt werden dazu leistungsfähige Onlinenetzwerke. Brodde ermuntert zu E-Mails, Twitter und Blogs und zu kleinen - gerne auch amateurhaften - Filmen: Sie alle dienen der Mobilisierung (auch durch Flashmobs) und dem Meinungsaustausch. Zu vielen Themen werden Literatur und Web-Adressen aufgeführt. Letztere können/sollen dazu verführen, Einsteiger zu werden oder mal im Netz zu recherchieren und seine Meinung zu äußern. Aufschlussreich und unterhaltsam für alle, die informiert sein möchten. (2) (Elke Günther)
South Africa has become a nation defined by its protests. Protests can, and do, bring societal problems to public attention in direct, at times dramatic, ways. But governments the world over are also tempted to suppress this right, as they often feel threatened by public challenges to their authority. Apartheid South Africa had a shameful history of repressing protests. The architects of the country's democracy expressed a determination to break with this past and recognise protest as a basic democratic right. Yet, today, there is concern about the violent nature of protests. Protest Nation challenges the dominant narrative that it has become necessary for the state to step in to limit the right to protest in the broader public interest because media and official representations have created a public perception that violence has become endemic to protests. Bringing together data gathered from municipalities, the police, protestor and activist interviews, as well as media reports, the book analyses the extent to which the right to protest is respected in democratic South Africa. It throws a spotlight on the municipal role in enabling or mostly thwarting the right. This book is a call to action to defend the right to protest: a right that is clearly under threat. It also urges South Africans to critique the often-skewed public discourses that inform debates about protests and their limitations