In challenging conventional conceptualizations of the human subject, the state, and the international system, early feminist security studies (FSS) offered new ways to think about security from inside and outside the disciplinary boundaries of international relations (IR). Indeed, FSS scholars illustrate that security not only means different things in different contexts but also functions in different ways to constitute particular social/political realities. Politicizing the everyday, or rather, demanding that the everyday be recognized as political, is a core assumption of FSS. Further contributions of early FSS to the replacement of the human subject in matters of security include a form of engagement with the very language used in speaking of security matters. Moreover, FSS scholars argue that insecurities permeate the very condition of human existence, bringing FSS insights to bear on economic processes, technological development, state building, and reconstruction. Ranging from analysis of violent conflict and political violence using a gendered framework to critiques of the policies and practices governing post-conflict reconstruction, and encompassing strong and vital interjections on debates over securitizing development, migration, health, human rights, and peace, FSS scholarship is accessible, innovative, and by no means limited to "women and war." Relocating FSS scholarship from the margins to the center and listening to the voices of those human subjects erased from the academic study of security brings new challenges but also new opportunities for collaboration, with the sighting and citing of FSS by other critical scholars.
Introduction : what is security studies? -- Security in international politics : traditional approaches / Patrick Morgan -- Peace studies / Paul Rogers -- Critical security studies : a schismatic history / David Mutimer -- Gender and security / Caroline Kennedy-Pipe -- Human security / Pauline Kerr -- Securitization / Ralf Emmers -- Military security / Eric Herring -- Regime security / Richard Jackson -- Societal security / Paul Roe -- Environmental security / Jon Barnett -- Economic security / Christopher Dent -- Coercive diplomacy / Peter Viggo Jakobsen -- The role of intelligence in national security / Stan Taylor -- Weapons of mass destruction / James Wirtz -- Terrorism / Brenda Lutz and James Lutz -- The defence trade / Joanna Spear and Neil Cooper -- HIV/AIDS and security / Stefan Elbe -- Transnational crime / Jeanne Giraldo and Harold Trinkunas -- Children and war / Helen Brocklehurst -- After the return to theory : the past, present, and future of security studies / Ole Wæver and Barry Buzan
This reader brings together key contributions from many of the leading scholars in the field, offering students an informed overview of the most significant work in security studies. The editors chart the development of the key theoretical and empirical debates in security studies in the Cold War and post-Cold War periods, introducing the ideas of the most influential 'past masters' and contemporary thinkers on security in the UK, US and elsewhere.