Social Identity explains how identification, seen as a social process, works: individually, interactionally and institutionally. Building on the international success of previous editions, this fourth edition offers a concise, comprehensive and readable critical introduction to social science theories of identity for advanced undergraduates and postgraduates. All the chapters have been updated, and extra new material has been added where relevant, integrating the most recent critical publications in the field. As with the earlier editions, the emphasis is on sociology, anthropology and social p.
"Social Identity explains how identification, seen as a social process, works: individually, interactionally and institutionally. Building on the international success of previous editions, this fourth edition offers a concise, comprehensive and readable critical introduction to social science theories of identity for advanced undergraduates and postgraduates. All the chapters have been updated, and extra new material has been added where relevant, integrating the most recent critical publications in the field. As with the earlier editions, the emphasis is on sociology, anthropology and social psychology; on the interplay between relationships of similarity and difference; on interaction; on the categorisation of others as well as self-identification; and on power, institutions and organisations. Written in clear, accessible language, and informed by relevant topical examples throughout, this fully updated new edition will be useful for students interested in social identity throughout the social sciences and humanities"--
The problem of collective identity can be delineated through a brief historical account of the evolution of societies. There are 4 stages of social evolution which trace the relation of ego & group identity: (1) the archaic stage with its kinship ties & mythical world images, (2) the stage of the city-state with centralization, the formation of self-identity, & the rise of community, making group identity possible, (3) the rise of a class society with an emphasis on the community of believers, & (4) the modern era with the demand for strong universalistic commitments & individualistic ego structures. According to Hegel, the last stage reflects the alienation of the subject from society & from nature. This separation of the 'I' from society signifies the modern problem of identity, which can only be solved if it is rendered incomprehensible. For Hegel it is the modern state which embodies rational identity, but there are 4 arguments against this thesis: (A) the bourgeois state is not 'real', (B) for Hegel, rational identity develops in a sovereign state, but the sovereignty of the modern state has become an anachronism-- society is global in nature operating within the worldwide network of communications, (C) it is questionable whether a society can formulate its identity when social integration gets substituted for systems integration, & (D) the historical development of the state in the 19th century reveals that the identity of a society no longer fits an organizational framework, be it a nation or a parastate party. Some aspects of a new identity which is possible in a complex society can only be grounded in a consciousness of universal & equal chance to participate in the kinds of communication processes by which identity formation becomes a continuous learning process. There must be counterarguments & revisions of values & norms; tradition must be appropriated critically. A. Karmen.
Self-concept and identity / Daphna Oyserman -- Identity through time : constructing personal pasts and futures / Michael Ross and Roger Buchler -- An evolutionary-psychological approach to self-esteem : multiple domains and multiple functions / Lee A. Kirkpatrick and Bruce J. Ellis -- Is loving the self necessary for loving another? An examination of identity and intimacy / W. Keith Campbell and Roy F. Baumeister -- Self-expansion model of motivation and cognition in close relationships and beyond / Arther Aron, Elaine N. Aron, and Christina Norman -- Psychological consequences of devalued identities / Jennifer Crocker and Diane M. Quinn -- Collective identity : group membership and self-conception / Dominic Abrams and Michael A. Hogg -- It takes two to tango : relating group identity to individual identity within the framework of group development / Stephen Worchel and Dawna Coutant -- Social categorization, depersonalization, and group behavior / Michael A. Hogg -- The psychology of crowd dynamics / Stephen Reicher -- The social identity perspective in intergroup relations : theories, themes, and controversies / John C. Turner and Katherine J. Reynolds -- The social psychology of minority-majority relations / Bernd Simon, Birgit Aufderheide, and Claudia Kampmeier -- Toward reduction of prejudice : intergroup contact and social categorization / Marilynn B. Brewer and Samuel L. Gaertner
– preliminary version, do not quote – Abstract. We analyze a model with migration and endogenous social identities where individuals can migrate between different countries and can choose either a national or a class identity. Individuals choosing their social identity face a tradeoff between status and cognitive distance. We prove existence of an equilibrium and explore its structure. The model provides a foundation of standard models of labor mobility that exogenously assume migration costs and allows it to better understand the impact of migration on social identities.
"Recent experimental results indicate that women do not like competitive environments as much as men do. Another literature is interested in the effect of social identity on economic behaviors. This paper investigates in the lab the impact of social identity on men and women's willingness to compete both individually and as part of a team. To this aim, participants from the Identity sessions had to go through group identity building activities in the lab while participants from the Benchmark sessions did not. The main result is that men are only willing to enter a team competition with a teammate of unknown ability if they share a common group identity with him or her. This change of behavior seems to be caused by high-performing men who are less reluctant to be matched with a possibly less able participant when he or she belongs to his group. On the other hand, group identity does not seem to induce women to take actions more in the interest of the group they belong to." (author's abstract)