Berthold Kuhn argues with his four theses for a reconsideration of China in political science. He rightly notes here that the predictions of an impending political upheaval have so far always proven wrong. Their heyday had such analyzes after the suppression of the protest movement of 1989 and the simultaneous transitions of the Soviet Union and its socialist allies in Central and Eastern Europe. Last saw contributions following the transition paradigm to mark the change in China's party and government in late 2012 and early 2013 a renewed economic (see Li 2012; Pei 2012; Nathan, 2013). Adapted from the source document.
Unexpected epidemics, abrupt catastrophic shifts in biophysical systems, and economic crises that cascade across national borders and regions are events that challenge the steering capacity of governance at all political levels. This article seeks to extend the applicability of governance theory by developing hypotheses about how different governance types can be expected to handle processes of change characterized by nonlinear dynamics, threshold effects, cascades, and limited predictability. The first part of the article argues the relevance of a complex adaptive system approach and goes on to review how well governance theory acknowledges the intriguing behavior of complex adaptive systems. In the second part, we develop a typology of governance systems based on their adaptive capacities. Finally, we investigate how combinations of governance systems on different levels buffer or weaken the capacity to govern complex adaptive systems. Adapted from the source document.