This volume collects the main articles written by Rhodes on policy networks and governance between 1990 and 2005. The introductory section provides a short biography of the author's journey, Part I focuses on policy networks, and Part II focuses on governance. The conclusion provides critical commentary, both replying to critics and reflecting on theoretical developments since publication.
Building on unique data, this book analyses the efficacy of a prominent climate change mitigation strategy: voluntary programs for sustainable buildings and cities. It evaluates the performance of thirty-five voluntary programs from the global north and south, including certification programs, knowledge networks, and novel forms of financing. The author examines them through the lens of club theory, urban transformation theory, and diffusion of innovations theory. Using qualitative comparative analysis (QCA) the book points out the opportunities and constraints of voluntary programs for decarbonising the built environment, and argues for a transformation of their use in climate change mitigation. The book will appeal to readers interested in sustainable city planning, climate change mitigation, and voluntarism as an alternative governance mechanism for achieving socially and environmentally desirable outcomes. The wide diversity of cases from the global north and south generate new insights, and offers practical guidelines for designing effective programs.
Who controls how transnational issues are defined and treated? In recent decades professional coordination on a range of issues has been elevated to the transnational level. International organizations, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and firms all make efforts to control these issues. This volume shifts focus away from looking at organizations and zooms in on how professional networks exert control in transnational governance. It contributes to research on professions and expertise, policy entrepreneurship, normative emergence, and change. The book provides a framework for understanding how professionals and organizations interact, and uses it to investigate a range of transnational cases. The volume also deploys a strong emphasis on methodological strategies to reveal who controls transnational issues, including network, sequence, field, and ethnographic approaches. Bringing together scholars from economic sociology, international relations, and organization studies, the book integrates insights from across fields to reveal how professionals obtain and manage control over transnational issues.
"Peter Ho, former Head of the Singapore Civil Service, was the Institute of Policy Studies' 2016/17 S R Nathan Fellow for the Study of Singapore. This book collects the four IPS-Nathan Lectures that he delivered between April and May 2017, and gathers highlights of his dialogues with the audience. Ho surveys the increasingly complex world, and suggests what governments can do to prepare for the future — even as no one can predict it. He uses metaphors such as the "black elephant" and concepts like the "dialectic of governance" to explain how a systematic approach to thinking about the future can help countries in general — and Singapore in particular — build resilience and develop a comparative advantage in the face of uncertainty and rapid change. The IPS-Nathan Lectures series was launched in 2014 as part of the S R Nathan Fellowship for the Study of Singapore. Its primary goal is to promote public understanding and discourse of issues of critical national interest."--
Climate change, economic crises, migration, and terrorism are among the many problems that challenge public governance in modern societies. Many of these problems are spanning political and administrative units; horizontally, vertically, and both. This makes public governance particularly challenging and turbulent. Since public governance mainly takes place through public organizations, like international organizations, ministries, and regulatory agencies, this work examines what difference organizational factors make in the governance process.
Why do international peacebuilding organizations sometimes succeed and sometimes fail, even within the same country? Bridging the gaps between the peacekeeping, peacebuilding, and global governance scholarship, this book argues that international peacebuilding organizations repeatedly fail because they are accountable to global actors, not to local institutions or people. International peacebuilding organizations can succeed only when country-based staff bypass existing accountability structures and empower local stakeholders to hold their global organizations accountable for achieving local-level peacebuilding outcomes. In other words, the innovative, if seemingly wayward, actions of individual country-office staff are necessary to improve peacebuilding performance. Using in-depth studies of organizations operating in Burundi over a fifteen-year period, combined with fieldwork in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Nepal, South Sudan, and Sudan, this book will be of interest to scholars and students of international relations, African studies, and peace and conflict studies as well as policymakers.
Namhafte Autoren aus zahlreichen Staaten Europas betrachten regionale Politikgestaltung auf der Basis struktureller Faktoren, die über die klassischen Regierungsinstitutionen hinausgehen. Die Entgrenzung des Regierens in postmodernen politischen Systemen wie der Europäischen Union hat eine theoretische Neukonzeptualisierung politikwissenschaftlicher Forschung im Bereich comparative politics bewirkt. Das Governance-Konzept ist eine Ausprägung dieses Prozesses. Gerade in internationalen Arenen fi det es seit jeher Anwendung, mittlerweile aber auch im nationalstaatlichen und im regionalen Kontext. Die asymmetrische Struktur substaatlicher Institutionalisierung in EU-Staaten stellt hohe Ansprüche an die Phantasie der relevanten Akteure. Nur in einem institutionell flexiblen System können Länder, Regionen, Gemeinschaften oder Kreise ihre Politikpräferenzen nachhaltig in den Politikprozess einspeisen. Die Beiträge namhafter Autoren aus zahlreichen (Flächen)Staaten Europas betrachten in diesem Band regionale Politikgestaltung auf der Basis struktureller Faktoren, die über die klassischen Regierungsinstitutionen vertikaler Gewaltenteilung hinausgehen. Unter Rekurs auf das Governance-Konzept wird regionales Regieren vor dem Hintergrund parteipolitischer, zivilgesellschaftlicher, wirtschaftsstruktureller und europäischer Bedingungsfaktoren veranschaulicht. Das Buch wendet sich an fortgeschrittene Studierende im Bereich Regional- und Integrationsfo schung, sowie an Forscher, die sich einen schnellen Überblick über Regionalismen in alten und neuen EU-Mitgliedsstaaten verschaffen wollen.
Klimawandel, Terroranschläge, Flüchtlingsdramen - keine nationale Regierung kann derartige Probleme alleine bewältigen. Global brauchen wir eine neue Kooperationskultur - Global Governance - um solche Weltprobleme und Zukunftsfragen erfolgreich zu meistern. Im Buch wird das Konzept der Global Governance diskutiert, global Verantwortliche werden ausgemacht und deren Rolle und Möglichkeiten ausgelotet.
Die Weltprobleme und Zukunftsfragen fordern von der internationalen Gemeinschaft vor allem eine neue Kooperationskultur staatlicher und nicht-staatlicher Akteure. Dem entgegen stehen die herrschenden Machtverhältnisse, institutionelle Defizite sowie der fehlende politische Wille, das Leitbild Nachhaltiger Entwicklung und eine Kultur des Friedens tatsächlich zu beleben.
Im Buch wird die Wiedergewinnung politischer Gestaltungskraft erörtert. Dabei werden die Vereinten Nationen als zentrale Arena von Global Governance ebenso behandelt wie die Nicht-Regierungsorganisationen, die seit den 1990ern zunehmend die internationale Politik beeinflussen, wie auch die Transnationalen Unternehmen und deren gesellschaftliche Rückbettung durch verpflichtende Standards und geeignete Institutionen.
Aus dem Inhalt:
Wendelin Ettmayer, Eine geteilte Welt. Machtpolitik und Wohlfahrtsdenken in den internationalen Beziehungen des 21. Jahrhunderts
Franz Nuscheler, Global Governance. Begründungszusammenhänge, Widersprüche und Perspektiven
Florian J. Huber, Globale Governance - Lösungsweg oder Utopie? Strategien, Kritik und Ausblick
Sven B. Gareis, Die Vereinten Nationen als Global Governance Akteur
Bernhard Ungericht, Transnationale Unternehmen als zentrale Akteure der Weltwirtschaft und ihre Regulation
Tanja Brühl, Mächtige Akteure? NGOs in der internationalen (Biodiversitäts-)Politik
Franz Maier, Rhetorik und Realität. Artenschutz und Biodiversität im reichen Österreich
Dirk Messner, Entwicklungspolitik als globale Strukturpolitik
Uses cutting edge and multidisciplinary approaches to analyse the politics of service provision and serves as a model for how similar research can be conducted in other countries and sectors - An in-depth, microlevel analysis that develops the high-profile South African discourse on the interaction between governance and policy - Systematically anchored in innovative thinking on how to achieve gains in politically complex settings
Australia lacks a scholarly book that covers recent developments in public sector governance in Australia and blends cross-disciplinary perspectives from law, management, public administration and public policy. The primary reason for writing this book is to fill the gap in the treatment of this subject, and to provide insights from empirical evidence and current practice. The book provides the first comprehensive theoretical and empirical work on governance in the Commonwealth public sector. It addresses the issues that emerged under the Howard government as well as their handling under the Rudd and Gillard governments. The book aims to enhance understanding of and communication about public governance across government, industry and the community.
The authors bring to this book expertise gained from political science, public administration and policy, public and private sector law.
This book offers a new approach to the extraordinary story of Timor-Leste. The Indonesian invasion of the former Portuguese colony in 1975 was widely considered to have permanently crushed the Timorese independence movement. Initial international condemnation of the invasion was quickly replaced by widespread acceptance of Indonesian sovereignty. But inside Timor-Leste various resistance networks maintained their struggle, against all odds. Twenty-four years later, the Timorese were allowed to choose their political future and the new country of Timor-Leste came into being in 2002. This book presents freedom in Timor-Leste as an accomplishment of networked governance, arguing that weak networks are capable of controlling strong tyrannies. Yet, as events in Timor-Leste since independence show, the nodes of networks of freedom can themselves become nodes of tyranny. The authors argue that constant renewal of liberation networks is critical for peace with justice – feminist networks for the liberation of women, preventive diplomacy networks for liberation of victims of war, village development networks, civil society networks. Constant renewal of the separation of powers is also necessary. A case is made for a different way of seeing the separation of powers as constitutive of the republican ideal of freedom as non-domination.
The book is also a critique of realism as a theory of international affairs and of the limits of reforming tyranny through the centralised agency of a state sovereign. Reversal of Indonesia's 1975 invasion of Timor-Leste was an implausible accomplishment. Among the things that achieved it was principled engagement with Indonesia and its democracy movement by the Timor resistance. Unprincipled engagement by Australia and the United States in particular allowed the 1975 invasion to occur. The book argues that when the international community regulates tyranny responsively, with principled engagement, there is hope for a domestic politics of nonviolent transformation for freedom and justice.
John Braithwaite and Hilary Charlesworth work in the Centre for International Justice and Governance, Regulatory Institutions Network, The Australian National University.
Adérito Soares is the Anti-Corruption Commissioner for Timor-Leste.
Structures and processes occurring within and between states are no longer the only – or even the most important - determinants of those political, economic and social developments and dynamics that shape the modern world. Many issues, including the environment, health, crime, drugs, migration and terrorism, can no longer be contained within national boundaries. As a result, it is not always possible to identify the loci for authority and legitimacy, and the role of governments has been called into question. Civil Society anf International Governance critically analyses the increasing impact of nongovernmental organisations and civil society on global and regional governance. Written from the standpoint of advocates of civil society and addressing the role of civil society in relation to the UN, the IMF, the G8 and the WTO, this volume assess the role of various non-state actors from three perspectives: theoretical aspects, civil society interaction with the European Union and civil society and regional governance outside Europe, specifically Africa, East Asia and the Middle East. It demonstrates that civil society's role has been more complex than one defined in terms, essentially, of resistance and includes actual participation in governance as well as multi-facetted contributions to legitimising and democratising global and regional governance. This book will be of interest to students and scholars of political science, international relations, civil society, sociology, European politics and global governance. 1. Introduction David Armstrong and Julie Gilson Part 1: Theory 2. Civil Society and the Democratisation of Global Public Space Debora Spini 3. Collective and Social Identity: A Theoretical Analysis of the Role of Civil Society in the Construction of Supra-National Societies Valeria Bello 4. Organized Civil Society and Political Representation in the EU Arena Carlo Ruzza Part 2: The European Union 5. Europeanization of Non-State Actors: Towards a Framework for Analysis Karolina Boro?ska-Hryniewiecka 6. Between Localisation and Europeanisation: Non-Governmental Organisations in Bosnia and Herzegovina Erica Panighello 7. European Integration, Cross-Border Cooperation and Third-Sector Mobilizations in the Basque Country Xabier Itçaina Part 3: Civil Society Outside Europe 8. Governance and Non-Governmental Organisations in East Asia: Building Region-Wide Coalitions Julie Gilson 9. Civil Society and Regional Governance in Eastern and Southern Africa Andréas Godsäter and Frederik Söderbaum 10. The Role of Civil Society in Regional Governance in the Middle East Michael Shulz 11. Transnational Labour Mobilization in the Americas Marcelo Saguier